Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed: Size, Characteristics & Personality


Yorkshire Terrier is among the small dogs. They are known for their excellent feathers that are straight, silky, fine and shiny, reaching down to the ground. It is an intelligent dog that easily attracts attention in the environments it enters with its flamboyant fur and colorful fur, confident movements and expression.

This breed, also known as the Yorkie, is also among the lap dogs with its small size. Yorkshire Terrier is among the popular dog breeds with its small body, fun, curious and brave nature.

yorkshire terrier

Yorkshire Terrier – Before You Buy

The Yorkshire Terrier fascinates everyone around him with its small body, cute ways and perfect furry structure. It is very attached to its owner and loved ones, obedient. They are very happy to do something with their family and spend time with them.

In addition, there are those with different character structures. While some Yorkshire Terriers are a cute and spoiled dog who want to spend time with their family, others may come across as a mischievous and extroverted dog who wants to bring their own self to the fore. These character traits are very much related to the upbringing of the dog.

They can easily adapt to apartment life. They do not like cold, they get cold in humid and humid weather. That’s why they can’t live outside in the hut. Although they are energetic and active, they are a breed that needs little exercise, barks at a moderate level, is adaptable and easy to care for at home. It can live for many years in a medium-sized house and apartment with people who love it.

Some Yorkie dogs are also known to bark at every sound and become boisterous. In order not to experience this situation, it is essential to provide education at an early age. House training can be difficult depending on the situation, so you can give cage training with practice.

Affectionate, loyal and elegantly built, the Yorkshire Terrier can live a healthy life for many years with people who love and care for him.

yorkshire terrier dog

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What’s the Price of Yorkshire Terrier Kittens?

Those who want to get a Yorkshire Terrier dog pay between $1,000 and $1,200 depending on the breed’s origin and characteristics. You may have to spend a total of $3,000 with the dog’s additional needs and toys.


In the mid-1800s, Yorkshire Terrier dogs were developed in the northern English counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Originating in England, dogs are a breed that chases rodents with their appearance and never shows that they are the product of the working class. Mine workers originally bred these dogs to hunt rats in the mines.

Between 1870 and 1880, Yorkshire Terrier dogs came to America. It was here that he became known and popular. It took its current name in 1870 from the city of Yorkshire, where it was developed, and officially acquired a new identity. Following these developments, the AKC recognized the Yorkshire Terrier in 1885 and registered the first female Yorkie named Belle.

It even became fashionable to own a Yorkshire Terrier, gaining more popularity after being recognized by the AKC. As its popularity grew, its size became smaller as it became more famous as a lap dog.

Today, the modern Yorkshire Terrier has become one of the most ornately coated dog breeds, with a smaller build than its ancestors.

yorkshire terrier

Yorkshire Terrier Physical Qualities


The Yorkshire Terrier is among the toy dog ​​types with its small body. It has compact body and square body. The whole body is structurally proportional. It has silky and shiny feathers that start from the back of the neck and stand in two along the back line. If the hair that distinguishes this breed from other breeds and adds fame to them is desired to be left long, the need for care will be more than the short haired ones that are shaved. They are as durable and strong as one would expect for their small size.


It has a small, flat-top head and a medium-sized nose. It appears with a medium-sized black nose, brown eyes, and a dark rim around the eyes. Its sharp teeth meet with scissors or straight bite with its regular structure. He has hair on his forehead that falls in front of his eyes and this hair is usually fastened with the help of a hairpin.


The ears of the Yorkshire Terrier dog are erect or semi-erect. V-shaped, upright ears in the Yorkshire Terrier dog with long hair appear by pointing between the hairs in the head area.


The Yorkshire Terrier breed has round, distinctively built and brown eyes that impress people. They have black dark circles around their eyes. She looks around with happy eyes on her furry, cute face and infects the people who look at her with her happiness and excitement.

Legs and Paws

When viewed from the front, the Yorkshire Terrier has all four legs straight and stands perpendicular to the ground. It looks complementary to each other with its rounded feet and black nails. It has strong durable legs and muscular legs that carry its body.


Yorkshire Terrier tail structure is clamped after it reaches medium length. Its tail, which it scratches on its back, is usually upturned. Tail clipping is considered illegal in many parts of Europe. There are queues left in their natural state, which are not processed due to the ban.


The Yorkshire Terrier has long, straight, shiny, fine, silky and single-layered fur. There are Yorkshire Terrier dogs used for shows that have hair that reaches almost to the ground. The feathers are equally divided on both sides along the back. The hair on the head is very dense, long and dense. The hair on the top of it is collected with the help of a hairpin so that it does not enter the food bowl and does not get in front of your eyes while you are eating. It is also seen that some dog owners cut the hair in the head area appropriately. Since they do not shed their feathers much, their care is not as difficult as it seems. The coat of this breed is hypoallergenic and does not cause allergies to most people with hair sensitivity.


The main source of the beauty of the Yorkshire Terrier breed, which fascinates people at first sight, is its feathers and magnificent colors. When they are young, their feathers are black, and when they reach the age of 1, with the onset of maturity, the blue and tan hairs that are identified with this breed begin to form. From adulthood on, you can see steel blue, yellowish, golden, light brown, white tan and silver colors on their bodies.

yorkshire terrier

Things to Know When Owning a Yorkshire Terrier:


The fur of the Yorkshire Terrier dog is similar to human hair with its thin and flat structure and needs care just like it. Contrary to popular belief, the Yorkshire Terrier, which has a single layer of fur, does not shed much. This situation should not make you think that it is easy to care for, the need for care will increase according to the length of the hair. If you want to have a long-haired and well-groomed dog, you need to comb and brush your dog every day. Even if they have short hair, you should brush and comb them gently every day or two, if possible, so that their fur does not get tangled and remains clean. It is imperative that you take time and regular care for its fur.

yorkshire terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier needs frequent bathing compared to other dog breeds. Since they do not drool, you will not need to clean and wipe the hairs in the mouth area any more. It is known that there are Yorkshire Terrier dogs that are washed once a week according to the places they will do and travel. In addition to combing and brushing, you should clean the hairs with water and use suitable bath products and shampoo for your dog. If you want to learn more about the bath and care of this breed, you can check the Yorkshire Terrier Club of America website.

The long hair on the top of the head should be collected in a bun/ponytail to prevent the dog from getting irritated and entering the food bowl. Optionally, you can cut and shave in a way that does not come over the eyes. They need occasional visits to the professional dog groomer.

Depending on the growth of your nails, you should cut and care for your nails at least 1-2 times a month. For oral and dental health, you should brush your teeth 2-3 times a week. Their ears should be checked once a week for dirt and infection. If you see an unusual situation after weekly skin, ear, mouth, eye, nose and foot checks, you should consult your veterinarian and get information.


Yorkshire Terriers are picky about food. Since the digestive system is sensitive, it is necessary for the owner to pay more attention to the food he will give. Ideal and recommended for this breed are commercially produced ready-made dog foods or homemade foods prepared under the knowledge of your veterinarian.

To meet the daily nutritional needs, you can divide 1/2 – 3/4 cup of dry food from high quality dog ​​food suitable for small breeds into two meals equally. The measure given is a generalization. Depending on your dog’s age and habits, the amount you give may increase or decrease. Since they are an active breed, they do not have excess weight problems. However, they were a breed prone to gain weight when they did not exercise.

Ensure that small breeds consume dry dog ​​food and drink fresh and clean water. You should consult your veterinarian and seek assistance with any questions or concerns regarding diet, meal/portion control and weight control.

yorkshire terrier dog


The Yorkshire Terrier is an energetic, active dog. The exercise requirement is not much. In order to be healthy and fit, they need to exercise both mentally and physically. 30-minute activities or 1-1.5 kilometers of light-paced walks will meet the daily exercise needs of the Yorkshire Terrier dog.

The Yorkshire Terrier loves to take light-paced walks, walks in parks and play medium-paced games with its owner. Since they are also active in the home environment, they will not need to do intense, high-tempo exercise outside. If you have a fenced yard where security measures are taken, they love to run around and play ball games there. These garden games will also be a fun exercise for them.

Thinking that only the game will be enough, not going for a walk in different places and times can cause behavioral problems in your dog. If he moves fast next to you, is eager to run around, and is walking towards the door after people in a flash, he is trying to let you know that he needs a long walk.

Yorkie, which is among the toy type dogs, is a very active, fast and agile dog. They like to achieve things and to be praised. With these features, it will be an enjoyable exercise for them to participate in dog sports such as agility, obedience and dog rally. Activities that will challenge both their minds and bodies will keep them healthier and fitter.

They do not like cold, hot, humid and humid weather and are sensitive to these weather conditions. That’s why you should also consider the weather conditions when you go outside. In order for the Yorkshire Terrier to participate in the exercise in a more enjoyable and healthy way, you should choose the time of the day that is suitable for them.


Yorkshire Terriers are generally healthy dogs. However, there are diseases to which they are genetically predisposed. Knowing what these diseases are, their symptoms, and what to do is important for your dog’s health. Responsible breeders screen their stocks for health issues such as a dislocated kneecap (cheat knee), eye anomalies, and luxating patella. Apart from these, there may be ailments that need attention in the care of your dog, which can turn into a health problem when it progresses.

Yorkshire Terriers are prone to some problems that affect their health such as choking, bronchitis, eye infections, early tooth decay, poor anesthesia tolerance and sensitive digestive system. They have sensitive digestive systems and need extra attention to what they eat for their health. Vomiting or diarrhea may occur when the food is always consumed outside of the food. In order to prevent allergies, skin diseases, redness and itching, you should look at the ingredient information of the food you will buy for your dog.

From the 5th month of your dog, you should intensify dental check-ups. Some Yorkshire Terriers may not shed their puppy teeth. Before the baby teeth fall out, when the adult teeth start to come out, irregular teeth are seen and there is a tendency to tooth decay in the future. Therefore, if you encounter such a situation, you should consult a veterinarian and have their teeth checked. With their small body, they have poor tolerance to anesthesia. This sensitive situation is an important detail that should not be forgotten.

Their small bodies have brittle bones. They can be easily hurt or broken bones in the slightest falls or blows. It is small steps to be taken by the owner to follow his dog well, not to allow him to jump from high places, to ensure that he does not run on hard floors, and to take precautionary measures against possible accidents.

The small size of the Yorkshire Terrier breed also causes health problems. At the time of the female’s birth, the large head of the offspring will require a cesarean section. Completing the potentially difficult birth process under veterinary control is essential for the health of the mother and york shire terrier puppy.

Hereditary Diseases

Although the York Shire Terrier is known as a healthy breed, it can have some hereditary diseases. If you are considering adopting a York Shire Terrier, it would be useful to have information about common diseases in dogs. Hereditary diseases especially in York Shire Terrier dog;

  • Hip dysplasia X-ray of the hip is required. Although this disease is inherited, it worsens as a result of rapid growth, severe reverse movement, or injury from a fall due to high-calorie food consumption.)
  • Cataract
  • Hypothyroidism should be maintained.)
  • Hemeralopia (This disease, known as day blindness, can usually be easily noticed by the owner when the york shire terrier puppy is eight weeks old. The most obvious side effect of the disease is defined as the pup’s stumbling by constantly hitting something while moving. This disease, which shows quite dazed movements when exposed to the sun, disappears at night. Early diagnosis is very important.
  • Hereditary Polyneuropathy (This disease is known to cause gait disturbance. It causes coordination and imbalance in the dog. It is usually seen quite mildly or very severely. It is usually seen in dogs under one year old, but it can appear quite suddenly. The dog with this disease may have difficulty walking. It may even fall.

The diseases we have mentioned above are not specific to this genus. These hereditary diseases can be seen in the York Shire Terrier dog, and it is quite possible that he will not encounter any of them. However, against these hereditary problems, which are usually encountered in dog breeds, it is beneficial to take your dog to regular veterinary checks from puppyhood to adulthood.

yorkshire terrier

Yorkshire Terrier Lifespan

The average lifespan of yorkshire terrier dogs is between 12 and 15 years.

Yorkshire Terrier Weight

Yorkshire Terrier dimensions are between 15 cm and 18 cm in height and it is 3 kg and 4 kg in weight.

Are These Dogs Good for Families?

Yorkshire Terriers do not always get along well with small children. However, it does not pose a problem if this species lives together with children from infancy. It should be supervised by adults to avoid being rude to children. The Yorkshire Terrier will be more suitable for families with older children.

The Yorkshire Terrier dog, which gets along well with smaller dogs, can be extremely playful and spoiled. They can even form close friendships with cats if they grow up together. However, it is useful to be careful when brought together with smaller pets.

yorkshire terrier

Is the Yorksire Terrier hypoallergenic?

One of the most frequently made claims about these dogs is that they are hypoallergenic, meaning they do not cause allergies, whereas according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), there is no 100% hypoallergenic dog breed.

2 Little-Known Facts About Yorkshire Dogs

Small but very brave!

When you see a Yorkshire Terrier, you might think “oh damn tiny”, which is true, but the Yorkshire Terrier has surprising courage when compared to its size, and this courage often gets him in trouble. These brave little ones can show aggressive behavior when they see a foreign dog, and this can even cost them their lives. For this reason, a Yorkie should never be walked around without a leash.

yorkshire terrier

As we said at the beginning of our article, the Yorkie is known for its great devotion to its people. For a Yorkie, the person is everything. Loyal, intelligent, alert and lovely Yorkshire Terriers are truly a blessing to live with.

Of course, each Yorkie’s character is different, and what we’re talking about is what is considered the general Yorkshire Terrier character.

Yorkshire Terrier care is not difficult

When it comes to Yorkshire Terrier care, the first thing that should come to mind is feather care. Thin, silky and long hair must be combed regularly, otherwise the hairs may become knotted. These little dogs are active but do not need much exercise as they are active enough in the home. Yorkshire Terriers are very sensitive to cold, they should not be left in the cold.

yorkshire terrier dog

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