All About the Xoloitzcuintli (Hairless Mexican) Dog

Xoloitzcuintli dog

The Xoloitzcuintli (or Hairless Mexican dog) is one of several hairless dog breeds. Archaeological evidence shows that the history of this dog breed goes back 3000 years. Affectionate and good with children and other animals, Xoloitzcuintli dogs can also be adopted as guard dogs.

The correct pronunciation of xoloitzcuintli is as shoh-loh-eats-QUEENT-ly.

Undoubtedly, this dog’s appearance will be etched into your memory: hairless, pointed ears and a well-trimmed face, almost as if it had come out of a hieroglyph. We’re talking about the Xoloitzcuintli, a dog of Aztec origin, often referred to as the Hairless Mexican Dog, and there’s a lot to tell.

In these lines, you’ll learn more about the origins and grooming needs of this peculiar breed. Do not miss anything and above all, do not judge them by their strange appearance, because they can be great companions for any person. Let’s start.

Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed Traits

Xoloitzcuintli dog

Not everyone finds the Xoloitzcuintli an attractive dog, as they have a wrinkled forehead, sloping eyes, large, pointed ears, and a slender, mouse-like tail. However, the most striking feature of these dogs is the absence of hair or, depending on the specimen, the presence of hair on certain parts of the body such as the head.

These dogs are taller for their height and have no (or very little) hair. Their skin may be dark or light brown, and may be mottled black, gray, reddish, brown, or tan. In fact, due to these characteristics, they are considered suitable dogs for people with mild allergies to canine epithelium.

Hairless Mexican Dog’s Height and Weight

The Hairless Mexican Dog has three different colors;

  • Toy: 25 – 35 cm from shoulder to shoulder,
  • Miniature: 35 – 45 cm at the shoulder,
  • Standard: 45 – 58 cm from shoulder to shoulder.
  • Hairless Mexican Dogs weigh between 4 – 23 kg.

Origin of the Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed

The first recordings of Xoloitzcuintli come from Mexico. While their true origins are considered a mystery, images of hairless dogs quite similar to this breed have been found in several Aztec ruins. To the contrary, hypotheses claim that they were mammals similar to Xoloitzcuintli and were bred hairless for food.

Despite this, the meat of the Xoloitzcuintli was consumed as it was considered a sacred animal and used in ritual ceremonies. This dog takes its name from Xolotl, the Aztec god of fire and his escort to the underworld of the dead, and from the Aztec word for dog, “itzcuintli”. Healing powers and protection against evil spirits are attributed to them.

Today, this endangered breed has recovered and is now considered a national treasure of Mexico. There are about 30,000 examples worldwide.

The Temperament of Xoloitzcuintli


They are calm and distant with strangers. They tend to choose one person as their “favourite” and often stay close to their chosen one, although they also care and show affection to other members of the family.

They have great guarding instincts so special attention needs to be paid to this aspect of their training so that they don’t become overprotective or aggressive towards strangers. They are sensitive dogs with a distinctive personality so it is advisable to adopt them once you already have experience with dogs.

Their activity level is moderate as they enjoy a long walk and some exercise, but they spend most of their time at home resting. However, they are much more active as puppies and have a tendency to destroy objects, so they take up a lot of their owners’ time.

Health Status

The Xoloitzcuintli is in good general health and is not prone to serious congenital diseases as far as we currently know. However, they still need vaccination and pest control programs to be up to date, so don’t neglect this aspect alongside regular checkups.

Their weakest point, as you might guess, is their non-existent fur. This makes them highly prone to sunburn and skin sores. It also makes thermoregulation difficult, so they will be colder in the winter and hotter in the summer.

Another problem that Xoloitzcuints often suffer from is their teeth, because many do not have premolars. While this does not affect their ability to eat, it is important to check their mouth frequently to avoid problems with tartar and gingivitis.

Special care of the Xoloitzcuintli or Hairless Mexican Dog

It is very important to keep their nails well trimmed as they grow quickly. Teeth also require special attention and should be brushed at least 3 times a week.

Of course, the skin is also an element that should be checked frequently. Protect them from the sun and keep them warm in winter with special creams for dogs. Go to the vet if there are any sores, bruises, cracks or a burn on the skin.

And finally, remember that this is a breed that needs consistent, dedicated and positive training. Otherwise, socializing with other members of the family (human or not) and strangers can become very complex. Before adopting a Mexican hairless, consider very seriously whether you can give it a dignified life.

Fur Color and General Care of the Hairless Mexican Dog

The Xoloitzcuintli, also known as the Hairless Mexican Dog, has smooth but firm skin that fits snugly to its body. It has small hairs on the top of its head, on its feet and on the tip of its tail. The Furry Hairless Mexican Dog has completely short, straight and dense hair. In both varieties, the feathers can be any color. It is usually black, gray and black, liver color or bronze. Some have white spots or patterns. You may think the hairless variety is maintenance-free, but think again. It is true that the Hairless Mexican Dog often cleans itself like a cat and does not fleas, but it is important to ensure that it is kept clean as its skin and paws sweat very often. To ensure that the oil glands do not remain clogged, their feet should be washed once a week. Every few weeks he needs to take a bath with a shampoo specially prepared for dogs. If you went out in a sunny weather and applied sunscreen, the sunscreen should be wiped off every time you come home.

While the Hairless Mexican Dog is not considered hypoallergenic, it has no or very little hair and no dandruff or fleas, making it an excellent choice for people with allergies or asthma.

Nutritional Needs of the Hairless Mexican Dog

Recommended daily amount for the nutritional needs of Hairless Mexican Dog: You can give 1/2 – 2.5 scoops of high quality dry food per day by dividing it into two meals.

NOTE: How much your dog eats depends on its size, age, dimensions, build, metabolism and activity level. Dogs are different individuals, just like humans, and not all need the same amount of food. It probably goes without saying that an extremely active dog will need more than a lethargic dog eats. The quality of the food you buy also makes a difference. The better the quality of the food, the more your dog will want to eat, otherwise you will see what is left in the food bowl and you will start shaking it to lure it.

When feeding your dog, it is recommended to measure and divide the food into two meals instead of leaving the whole food in the food bowl. If you are not sure if you are overweight, you can do an eye test and a touch test. First, look at it; You should be able to see her waist. Then place your hands on your back and spread your fingers in a downward spreading motion, with your thumbs on your spine. You can’t see their spine, but you should be able to feel it without pressing too hard with your fingers. If you can’t feel it, he should eat less and exercise more.

Hairless Mexican Dog Interactions with Children and Other Pets

The family-oriented Hairless Mexican Dog can get along well with children, especially if they are raised together. However, it doesn’t like having its ears or tail pulled, so you need to supervise interactions between small children and your dog.

As with any breed, you must teach children how to approach and touch dogs. You should always supervise interactions between dogs and small children to avoid any biting, ear or tail pulling on both sides. You should teach your child never to approach any dog ​​while they are eating or sleeping or to try to push the dog’s food away. No dog should be left unsupervised with any small child.

The Hairless Mexican Dog usually gets on well with other dogs it has been raised with or with domestic cats. Due to its strong hunting instinct, it tends to chase cats or other small furry animals outside.

Xoloitzcuintli Price

Average $1500 – $3500 USD

The Xoloitzcuintli are a hairless dog breed and make excellent companions to their owners. At the same time, the Xoloitzcuintli are a hypoallergenic breed. These dogs usually cost between $1500-3500.

Note: We are completely against buying animals for money. If you want a pet, get one from a shelter or close acquaintances.

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