White Dachshund (Wiener) Dog: Everything You Should Know

dachshund dog

The White Dachund dog breed, known to everyone as a sausage dog, is a long-bodied and hound-type dog. The dog’s fur is thick and can be straight-haired, wire-haired, and long-haired. This dog breed has a very high sense of smell. They can form good relationships with other animals and children.

White Dachshund Dog Breed General Characteristics

Image Credit: Zoie
  • Germany is their homeland.
  • It is a hunting dog, it belongs to the greyhound breed.
  • Their sense of smell is highly developed.
  • Their ears are large and drooping.
  • The plumage color is usually dark reddish brown.
  • They have a muscular body structure.
  • They are short and long dogs. Its legs are quite short.
  • Since their legs are short, they have difficulty in climbing and jumping from high places.
  • There are three different types of these dogs. These species differ in their physical characteristics. These three breeds have medium, small and standard sizes. There are three breeds of Dachshunds: longhaired, hairless and shorthaired.
  • The largest breeds stand up to 45 centimeters in height and 9 kilograms in weight, while miniature Dachshunds are 30 centimeters high and weigh 4 kilograms.
  • Because they are hunting dogs, they love nature walks and have a tendency to dig.
  • They are very intelligent dogs. They learn very quickly and are very open to training.
  • They are energetic and active dogs.
  • They are very playful and cheerful creatures.
  • They are noisy dogs. They bark very often.
  • They form very close relationships with people, but it cannot be said that they get along very well with other pets.
  • It is very loyal to its owners. They are usually attached to a single person.
  • They are dogs that tend to gain weight.
  • They have a lifespan of about 15 years.

Characteristics and Personality

In general, the Dachshund is an intelligent, brave, playful, active and curious breed. He likes to follow and discover what is going on around him. Their noses are very sensitive and they are good scent hunters. With these abilities, it can come across as a good hunting dog.

It has high energy. It is important to meet their daily needs. Dachshund is very happy to spend time with his family. Although their stubborn and independent sides are dominant from time to time, this side can change with education. They want to please the owner, which makes it easy for them to obey their commands.

The Dachshund is a breed that wants to be loved. In fact, being in the lap of its owner is among the things they love and want. Sometimes it is present when he does not want to be cuddled and hangs out independently by making his own decision. With its cute movements, loving nature, intelligence, bravery, guarding ability and being a good family dog ​​that can be looked after at home, it is among the breeds that are desired and attracted attention.

He gets along well with family members and children with whom he lives in the same household. However, the White Dachshund may show angry behavior with unfamiliar children and children who treat him badly. Therefore, it is not known how families with small children will treat their children in the first preposition. Therefore, it is not a suitable dog for every family to prefer.

The White Dachshund doesn’t get along very well with pets and dogs, too, and may be jealous of them. Therefore, if you have a second pet at home, owning a Dachshund will not be the right choice. Sometimes it gets along well with pets, and sometimes it may try to bite by being restless and grumpy. Being aware of the character traits of the White Dachshund breed, you should own this breed when you really want it and are confident.

Although the White Dachshund has stubborn, independent character traits, it attracts the attention of everyone with their courage and talent that surprises people. It was bred as a badger hunter with its smart, alert and active nature. The White Dachshund excels as the smallest of the hunting dogs of the hound type. It is a versatile dog with its intelligence, loving nature, hunting spirit and different abilities.

The Dachshund is famous for digging, barking, and jumping around the house. You can control these behaviors by teaching your dog the stop and shut up command at a young age. If the Dachshund does not have a good leader, he will try to become a leader himself. If the Dachshund becomes the leader, it can overwhelm its owner. You must be loving, consistent and patient in your training. By applying positive reinforcement methods, your progress will support your dog to be more well-behaved.

Dachshund will take its place in your life with its strong barking like big dogs, brave enough to go after dangerous prey that is bigger than itself, endless energy, lively, affectionate and loyal nature. The Dachshund will be your faithful friend, excellent watchdog and hunting dog for many years to come.

Origin

long haired dachshund
Credit: Girosgourmet

Dachshund literally means badger (dach) dog (hund) in German as badger dog. The history of the race goes back to about 600 years ago. Around the 16th Century, the Little Burrow Dog was noticed, referring to a “low crooked-legged” dog called the Dacksel or Badger Dog.

Physical Qualities

Body

The Dachshund dog breed comes in miniature and standard in two sizes and with different colors of fur. It has a long body, low silhouette, perfectly long back, strong and protruding chest bone structure (sternum). The abdomen is moderately retracted. The standard Dachshund is between 7-15 cm in size, while the miniature appears to be 5 cm and under. With their strong neck, body and muscle structure, they are very successful in running, jumping and swimming activities. They are very energetic and active, they do not know how to get tired.

Head

The skull is slightly curved, convex. They attract attention with an elongated head structure and protruding eyebrows. Depending on the type of Dachshund dog, distinctive hairs can be seen on their eyebrows and chin. The muzzle is long. It is a good scent hunter with its sensitive noses. Its jaw is quite strong and robust. Their teeth meet in a scissor bite and their lips are closed. They don’t drool much.

Ears

His ears are low from his cheeks to his neck. When extended forward, his ears are large and long enough to extend to the muzzle. The low and drooping ears of the Dachshund hear very fine sounds and are sensitive to movement. The hair structure on their ears is shorter and softer.

Eyes

The Dachshund has almond-shaped, usually dark eyes. The most common are the brown and black eyed Dachshund dogs. But you can also see hazel blue Dachshund dogs. It has a depth in its gaze with black under the prominent eyebrow structure and around the eyes.

Legs and Paws

The Dachshund’s body is longer than it is tall. Leg structure is short and muscular. Its small legs carry its long body quite strongly. With its short legs and long back, it is successful in areas such as running, hunting, swimming and jumping. Feathers can be seen on the back of the hind and front legs in the Dachshund breed.

Tail

The dachshund’s tail is in line with its back. Its tail is long. Depending on the Dachshund variety, the tail feathers can be long and form a flag image. The feathers on the tail will vary depending on the variety.

Feather

The Dachshund breed comes in three different hair types: short/smooth-haired, wire-haired and long-haired. The smooth-haired Dachshund’s fur should be shiny, short and smooth. The longhaired Dachshund has sometimes long, slightly wavy and sometimes straight fur. The wirehaired Dachshund, on the other hand, has a more protected feather structure than other varieties. It is double layered, the upper layer is short, dense, hard and thick. The bottom layer is softer. Although the fur types are different, they have the same tones as the color types.

Color

The Dachshund comes in three different types of fur, smooth, stringy and long, and in different sizes. Despite their differences, the fur color and tones are the same. The Dachshund has three different coats: monochromatic, bicolored, patterned or mottled. It is usually seen with a single color of red, crimson and cream-colored fur. However, despite these color tones, there may be a white under the breast.

This is not a very desirable color. Sometimes bi-colored black, dark brown, gray, fawn with tan, cream, or tan markings on the tops of the eyes, rim of the chin, lower lip, inner corner of the ear, chest, inside and back of the forelimbs, paws, anus, and first part of the tail. has. You can see the patterned, spotted Dachshund in all colors accepted for this breed. Patterned Dachshund has light spots on dark colors on its fur. It may have a blue speckled pattern. It is normal for spotted feathers to also have white feathers in addition to spots and patterns of different colors.

Dachshund Dog Grooming

dachshund
Image: Petza

Dachshunds need little care with their moderately shed hair. There is little or no body odor. In general, they do not need to take a lot of baths. Their feathers are easy to clean as long as they aren’t very dirty and have something that smells bad. The grooming needs of the Dachshund vary as they have three different types of fur.

Dachshunds with smooth fur do not need a very long care. You need to comb their short, dense coats with greyhound gloves at regular intervals, take care and wipe them with a damp cloth to make them look better. Those with the wire hair type may need to be trimmed two or three times a year. If you want to do this yourself, you should learn from a good breeder. Don’t forget to take it to the dog hairdressers until you find out.

Longhaired Dachshunds will need to be brushed more often as their long, shiny coat is thick and dense. It has longer hair below the neck, chest, abdomen, back of the legs and around the ears. Also, the tail feathers may be long. In general, it is undesirable for the whole body to be hairy. Areas with long hairs need to be combed with extra care.

Wirehaired coarse, hard fur can be trimmed several times a year to keep it looking its best. Combing and brushing 2-3 times a week in order to avoid felt-like hairs and to reduce shedding makes it easier to maintain. Depending on the regular growth of facial hair such as beard and eyebrows, it may need to be trimmed 1-2 times. They need more frequent bathing than smooth Dachshunds.

Nails of all Dachshund dog breeds should be trimmed at regular intervals and at least once a month depending on their length. For good dental and oral health, you should brush your teeth 2-3 times a week. Since their ears are low and drooping, you should regularly check them for dirt and the risk of infection.

In the care of smooth Dachshund dogs, if you live in cold climates, pay attention to their body temperature in winter. When going out in cold weather, you can keep their bodies warm by wearing a sweater.

In addition to the health of hair, ears, nails, mouth and teeth, you should check your dog’s nose, eyes, paws and general body care on a weekly basis. Regular maintenance will help you notice possible changes and intervene early in terms of health. When necessary and at regular intervals, you should have the veterinarian perform their maintenance and health checks.

Dachshund Dog Nutrition

You should pay extra attention to your Dachshund’s diet as they tend to gain weight. Being overweight can also negatively affect their overall health. Due to their body structure, when they gain weight, slipping on their long back or tearing the discs in their spine (hernia) can be seen. You should pay attention to the diet of the Dachshund so that it does not have general health problems.

Dachshund Dog Health

The Dachshund is generally a healthy breed of dog. Predisposition to health problems such as spinal cord (Dachshund’s palsy), urinary tract, mast cell tumors, heart and diabetes can be seen. It is very important for their health to know what to do against these ailments and what the symptoms are.

Although active dogs in the Dachshund breed are in the majority, there are also lazy ones. Their tendency to gain weight, combined with their laziness, poses a greater problem for their health. Each extra weight they gain puts additional strain on their back and legs, causing problems.

Dachshund dog will be healthier as a result of regular feeding, exercise and meeting its care needs. You need to be careful not to damage your body during the exercises you will do. The life expectancy of the Dachshund dog, which is taken care of and raised in a healthy way, is between 12-16 years.

FAQ

How long does a Dachshund (Sausage Dog) live?

The life expectancy of a healthy Dachshund varies between 12-16 years.

How big does a Dachshund grow, how many pounds should it weigh?

Dachshund breed was bred in two different sizes as Standard and Miniature. Miniature ones do not fall into a separate classification. There is not much difference in height between male and female Dachshunds.

The ideal weight for standard Dachshund dogs is 7 – 15 kg. The standard Dachshund’s height is 20 – 23 cm. The weights of all breeds of standard Dachshund breeds (smooth hair, wirehaired and longhaired) are generally close to each other.
A Miniature Dachshund is considered a miniature when it is 12 months old and over and weighs 5 kg or less. Miniature Dachshunds are 5 kg and under. Those weighing between 5 and 7 kg are also called “Tweenies”.
There is a breed that people who breed very small Dachshunds introduce as “Toy Dachshund”. But this is only seen as a marketing strategy. The Toy Dachshund is not an accepted breed.

Does the Dachshund shed a lot?

The dachshund sheds moderately throughout the year. Appropriate care should be given to the type of fur to reduce shedding and keep it clean.

When does a Dachshund mate?

After completing their development, they must mate. After the 18th month, that is, when he turns 1.5 years old, the estrus period is the appropriate time to mate the Dachshund breed.

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