Siberian Cat Breed, Information, Characteristics & Personality


The Siberian Cat, also known as the Siberian Forest Cat, is a complete domestic cat with its striking appearance, pleasant and affectionate personality. The Siberian cat, which is shown among the most beautiful cat species, is very popular around the world.

This cat breed, which has three times longer and thicker hair than other cat species to protect it from the cold of Siberia, is extremely resistant to harsh environments with its solid, muscular and strong bone structure.

HEIGHT10–12 inches
WEIGHT12–15 pounds
LIFE SPAN 8–10 years
GOOD WITHchildren, seniors, dogs, cats, families
TEMPERAMENTsociable affectionate bold
COLORSwhite black / ebony red / orange blue / gray lavender / silver cream / beige / tan chocolate / brown / sable cinnamon fawn lilac
PATTERNSbi-color color point
OTHER TRAITSeasy to train easy to groom friendly toward other pets friendly toward strangers friendly toward humans tolerates being alone high potential for weight gain good lap cat tolerates being picked up

Siberian Cat General Characteristics

  • Their homeland is Siberia.
  • They are large sized cats. Siberian cats weigh between 5 kilograms and 9 kilograms. Body lengths can range from 45 centimeters to 60 centimeters.
  • It is a natural cat breed, they are not produced.
  • They have long hair and thick fur that allows them to withstand the cold, suitable for the conditions in which they live.
  • Their feathers can be any color.
  • They molt during the seasons.
  • They mature late. They are considered cubs until they are 5 years old.
  • They have a muscular, strong and durable body. They are very agile animals.
  • They are very active and active creatures.
  • They like to run and climb more than play games.
  • Contrary to their appearance, they are not aggressive cats. They have a calm temperament.
  • They are social animals. They establish warm relationships with people.
  • They are very loyal and affectionate cats.
  • They like to be in open spaces. They are cats that specialize in climbing trees.
  • They are not afraid of water, they are very good swimmers.
  • They do not have a predisposition to a hereditary disease.
  • Their life span is 15 years.
siberian cat

Personality & Character Traits of Siberian Cat

Siberian cats, which have a warm personality contrary to the climate they live in, attract attention with their warm and affectionate nature. Siberian cats, which are loyal and protective, expect the attention they show to their owners. Affectionate, well-balanced and playful, Siberian cats, despite their wild instincts, are a complete house cat and have gotten along perfectly with people over time.

There are many ways to show affection for Siberian cats, who always want to be close to their owner, to take care of him and also to get attention from him. If he always follows you and wants to be involved in everything you do, it means that he loves you very much.

Trying to help you isn’t the only way he shows his love. Siberian cats, which are a very talkative cat breed, almost talk to you to express their feelings. He meows and murmurs in a distinctive tone to convey his demands, to express his feelings for you. It shows this interest and love not only towards its owners, but also to other people and even to other pets. When you arrive home, they greet you with a soft welcome meow. He gets used to the guest who comes to the house in a short time and approaches him with the same affection as he does to you.

Siberian cats, which are in the category of playful cats, have a sense of fun blended with sociability. He can enjoy playing games with his owner, or he can play anything and have fun on his own.

This breed, which is an extremely active and intelligent cat, is very good at games that require movement and intelligence. Catch, find and fetch, jigsaw puzzles are among his favorite games. Games that highlight both his intelligence and his mobility make him happier. Siberian cats with active hunter backgrounds are very good at games that require movement to meet their exercise needs. Although he wants to spend time with you, when you want to come home and rest after a tiring day, he understands this and does not disturb you.

Siberian cats are extremely adept at playing and having fun. However, since he can use anything he can get his hands on as a toy, things that are inconvenient to play with and that will harm him should not be left around. You should keep glassware, sharp tools, sharp materials and valuables out of his reach.

siberian cat

Another important passion for play that distinguishes Siberian cats from other cat breeds is water. They have a different passion for water as a continuation of the habits of their ancestors while fishing in the river. They can have a pleasant time even in the tiny waters they find at home. Another legacy from their ancestors is that they were quite good at jumping and jumping. In order for these hyperactive cats to throw their energy away, it is necessary to provide a suitable environment for them at home. A closet and a cat tree are important for them to have a pleasant time.

A friendly, humane and affectionate cat, Siberian cats get along well with anyone and make great companions. While those who live alone can get rid of their loneliness with Siberian cats, families with children and the elderly can have fun with them.

Origin of the Siberian Cat

Although the Siberian cat has just begun to be recognized in the world, it is actually a very old cat breed. Longhaired Russian cats are known to have existed for about 1000 years. However, there is no exact information about when these long-haired cats went to Siberia. According to some, these cats were brought here by the Russians who migrated to Siberia, but we cannot say that this is a definite information. Some even claim that Russian long-haired cats came to Turkey and that the Angora cat, which is considered to be the ancestor of long-haired cats, is actually descended from these cats, so the real ancestors of long-haired cats are Russian long-haired cats. All these are claims, the truth is that these cats, which are called Siberian cats today and whose ancestor is the Russian longhair cat, have been in the world for many years.

Body of Siberian Cat

The Siberian cat, which is among the medium or large cat breeds, has an average height of 30 cm. Their weight varies between 3.5 kg and 9 km. Male Siberian cats are heavier than female Siberian cats. The back is higher than the shoulders and curved. Solid-looking abdominal area gives the feeling that most of the body’s weight is concentrated in that area. It has a muscular and strong bone structure that is compatible with the conditions in which it lives. Thanks to its bone structure and feathers, it is resistant to harsh weather conditions. Contrary to their body size, they are quite agile animals.

Head of Siberian Cat

The head structure and body of the Siberian cats, which are extremely proportional, are in the form of a horizontal ellipse, which is carried by the round, strong and thick neck. His forehead is broad and rounded, and his cheekbones are moderately protruding. This feature gives a characteristic appearance to the face of Siberian cats. Since its already forehead is covered with long hairs, the head seems to be directly connected to the body. Mouth and nose slightly protruding; the round and small chin is slightly behind the mouth and seems almost non-existent. Their tiny chins make their already cute face even more adorable.


Siberian cats have medium-sized ears. Round ears are wide at the base, oval at the tips. The ears, which are sufficiently separated from each other on the forehead, are slightly tilted forward and covered with hairs. Unlike the inside of the ears, the hair behind the ears is short and sparse. From the inside of the ear, the hairs grow and cover the base of the ear. Siberian cats, which show that they are open to stimuli coming from the environment with their upright and slightly forward-tilted appearance, have the features to adapt to the environment they live in under all conditions.

Eyes of Siberian Cat

Siberian cats’ eyes are large in proportion to their body. The outer corners of the eyes, which are in a neat round shape, are slightly angled towards the base of the ear. The eyes are spaced more than an eye wide apart. This gives them an alert look. Their perfect eye structure makes them look more like a toy than a real cat. Except for white Siberian cats, there is no connection between fur color and eye color. Eye colors can be blue, green, gold and copper tones. White Siberian cats, on the other hand, have blue eyes and can even be bi-colored like the Van cat.

Legs and Paws

The legs of Siberian cats, which have a large body, have a solid structure that can carry their heavy bodies. Medium length legs are bony. However, due to their long hair, the bone structure of their legs is not clear. The hind legs are longer than the forelegs, as one of the characteristics of a typical jumper. The feet of Siberian cats are in harmony with the environment they live in, just like their other physical features. The feet are round and large so that they can walk comfortably in the snow. Most Siberian cats have tassel-shaped hairs on their paws.

Tail of Siberian Cat

The tails of densely haired Siberian cats also have their share of this feature. From the base, the tail becomes elongated, tapering slightly. The hairs of the tail, which taper from the coccyx to the tip, are inversely proportional to the thickness. In other words, while the hairs at the beginning of the tail are thinner, the hairs get longer as they move towards the tip, and this feature makes the tail of the Siberian cat look like it is the same thickness. The tail length is shorter than the body length and lies straight without twisting. Their tails, which seem to be the same thickness from base to end, are one of the most distinctive features of this cat breed.


The most distinctive feature of Siberian cats is their three-layered, thick and long fur. On the shoulders and lower chest, the hair is denser and shorter. Usually medium to long hair is straight, although some Siberian cats also have curly hair. The feathers of Siberia, which are suitable for weather conditions, have developed to gain water-repellent properties. Thanks to their three-layered feathers, they do not feel cold even on the coldest days. The softness of the feathers varies according to the color. With a wide variety of colors and patterns, Siberian cats can carry almost any pattern a cat can have.


Siberian cats can have a variety of color combinations. They can be monochromatic Siberian cats, but they can also carry almost any color and pattern that a cat can have. Some Siberian cats have blotchy, button-shaped white patches on their chin, chest, and stomach. They also have medallion-shaped scars under their necks. The most common colors in Siberian cats are; black, white, gray, red, cream and blue. Siberian cats, which stand out with their dominant colors and clear patterns, have a wide color scale.

Siberian Cat Care and Nutrition

siberian cat

Siberian cats, a large cat breed, are cats with a predisposition to obesity. For this reason, it is necessary to act together with the veterinarian to choose the most suitable food for Siberian cats and to ensure that they are fed correctly. Although it is an active breed, its diet should be supported with exercises as it has a tendency to obesity. It is important for Siberian cats to be fed quality food for healthier and more beautiful fur.

Although dry food is suitable for Siberian cats, canned food should be preferred more because it contains less carbohydrates. Meals should be in specified amounts, two or three times a day. Especially since overweight Siberian cats will have more food cravings, food should not be left around. Since kidney diseases may occur in cats that do not drink enough water, they should be encouraged to drink water.

Siberian Cat Education

Siberian cats, which have a brave and active nature, are great playmates. They do not need special training due to their friendly and friendly personality and intelligence. Siberian cats, especially adopted during their puppies, easily adapt to social life because they are introduced to the environment they will live in early. If they are trained from an early age, they can live together not only with family members, but also with pets.

Siberian cats generally do not need any special training. Compared to other cats, his obedience is quite surprising. Even toilet training, which other cat breeds have difficulty with, is extremely easy for Siberian cats. Siberian cats, which have a very loyal and protective attitude towards the person they live with from their puppies, are great pet friends.

Siberian Cat Health

Considering the conditions of the environment they live in, it is understood that Siberian cats are extremely durable and healthy cat breeds. The genetics of Siberian cats are shaped by the harsh conditions they live in, and this genetics makes them resistant to harsh conditions. However, there are some diseases that Siberian cats are prone to, like all cat breeds.

It is an important feature of Siberian cats that they carry the protein called FELD1, which causes allergies in humans, less than other cat species. In this way, people’s allergic reaction to this cat breed is minimized. Siberian cats, which are defined as hypoallergenic, are among the most suitable cat breeds to be fed at home. Although its structure is robust, there are diseases to which it is genetically predisposed, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and pyruvate kinase deficiency.

siberian cat

Character Traits of the Siberian Cat

The character traits of the Siberian cat as well as the physical traits are being wondered and investigated. Character traits of the Siberian cat for those who want to learn about it:

  • Siberian cats are very fond of people. In particular, they do not want to leave their owners and are constantly interested in them.
  • Siberian cats do not leave their owners alone, this is why those who have a Siberian cat do not feel alone.
  • Siberian cats also establish very good relationships and get along with the children in the family.
  • It is seen that Siberian cats lead a very harmonious life with cats and dogs other than their own kind. They also get on well with them.
  • They are not vicious.
  • They love to have fun, especially playing games.
  • They have a curious character.
  • They like to meow and make noises.
  • They like water.
  • They are not afraid of getting wet.

How to Care for a Siberian Kitten?

The care of the Siberian cat is the same as any other cat. Long hair should be combed regularly. It is also important to pay attention to and care for ear and dental health and care. Like all cats, Siberian cats should be fed quality and nutritious food suitable for their particular health condition and age. Particular attention should be paid to age in the food selection of puppy Siberian cats, and useful foods containing the nutrients they need should be preferred. Veterinary checks should also be done regularly.

How is the Siberian Cat’s Nutrition?

As one of the breeds that are prone to obesity, Siberian cats should be fed a balanced diet. Healthy and quality food can be selected together with the veterinarian. Cat food varieties with high protein value and real meat content can be evaluated. Daily meals should be planned according to age and weight. Never leave more than a single meal in the container. Fresh water is very important for the Siberian cat. If there is no fresh water, he may not drink water. This, in turn, can cause kidney problems.

Nutritional diet can be applied according to the health status analysis to prevent possible health problems. To prevent obesity, exercise is as important as nutrition. The need for exercise can be met by playing games with the cat toy. Having private areas such as a cat bed helps to provide healthy and happy living standards.

Kitten Siberian Cat

siberian cat

Since the Siberian cat is a cat breed that is prone to obesity, it is necessary to pay attention to the issue of nutrition. It would be right to choose foods that will be suitable for him, especially when his digestive system is not fully developed in the age range of puppies. Feeding foods containing less carbohydrates is ideal for this cat breed.

Since they come as a natural cat breed and carry these genes from their ancestors, they may not be able to adapt easily to education. However, with their highly intelligent, natural nature and harmonious structure, this may not be necessary. The only thing you need to give in terms of training will be the toilet and sociality, apart from that, it is a very obedient and harmonious cat, as mentioned. Of course, it would be useful to have this training issue when he is in the age range he is a puppy.

It is possible to say that they are an extremely healthy cat breed. The fact that they have a natural development has created a step for them to become resistant to all kinds of conditions and situations with their body and feather structure. In this respect, they do not have any genetically transmitted disease, but like every living thing, it will be necessary to pay attention to routine health checks, vaccination and parasite care during the period when Siberian cats are kittens.

Social Relationship with Children

Siberian cats are known for their bravery as well as being affectionate. He refers to this feature as a playmate for children. They can be the best friend of children during their unhappy times. They are always able to motivate children in the best way with their friendly demeanor.

Siberian Cat Weight

Siberian cats can weigh between 3.5 and 8 kg. Some cats may show more than these numbers.

How Many Years Does a Siberian Cat Live?

The life expectancy of Siberian cats ranges from 11 to 15 years.

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