Everything You Should Know About Short Jack Russell Terrier

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The Short Jack Russell Terrier is a fearless, stubborn and hardworking terrier. With their high energy and loving nature, they become the most loved member of their family. Jack Russell Terriers love to dig in the ground and help their owner with gardening. He is always on the alert, ready and confident. It has smooth fur that is resistant to harsh weather conditions.

The Short Jack Russell Terrier breed is also known by the names Parson Russell Terrier, Parson Terrier, Russell Terrier and JRT, PRT. Among small breed dogs, they have gained a reputation for being fast, agile and hunting skills. It has the body features required as a hunting terrier. They take their place in our lives with their long and bony legs that can run fast, and with their fearless, durable and strong structures.

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Personality & Character Traits of Jack Russell Terrier

The Short Jack Russell Terrier is an energetic, intelligent, brave and friendly little dog. It is very good for them to deal with a job where they can release their high energies. They love to help their owner with their smart, friendly and hardworking nature. These dogs, who like to dig soil, appear as the owner’s favorite in gardening. He has a sense of duty. If the hunting and digging skills that will make the owner’s life easier are used correctly, both your dog will do the activity he loves and your work will be easier. However, education is very important here. Because the Short Jack Russell is a digging-prone dog, he must learn that it is not okay to do so without the command of his owner. With the wrong training, the fact that he always perceives this behavior as something approved can lead him to dig anywhere he wants, deciding on his own.

Short Jack Russell Terrier Social Life

He is very attached to his family and loved ones. They enjoy being with their families and following them. When they are loved and interested, you can understand their happiness by their tails that are fast waving and difficult to follow. They have an energy that makes the people around them happy with their cheerful and happy mood. When they feel that someone in their family is upset, they make an extra effort to make him or her happy. They easily understand and implement the commands given with their sharp intelligence and generally do not go beyond their owner’s word. It is a friendly dog ​​that gets along well with people.

With its small body, the Short Jack Russell can adapt to apartment life and medium-sized houses. However, you need to meet high energies and exercise needs. When these needs are met regularly every day, it does not cause many problems. Although they live in harmony in the apartment, you should know that the environment where they will be happier is a house with a garden. It is in their soul to roam freely and run around in a house with a fenced garden surrounded by security measures.

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Short Jack Russell Terrier General Characteristics

  • It is a breed of dog originating from England.
  • It is a small breed dog. Their ground clearance is 30-36 centimeters. They can reach a maximum weight of 6 to 8 kilograms.
  • Its feathers are brown on white.
  • Their hair is short and infrequent.
  • Its skin is thin, but its fur is water resistant.
  • Their thin tails are long compared to their bodies.
  • They run very fast thanks to their long legs compared to their bodies.
  • They are very active and playful creatures.
  • Even though they are small dogs, their exercise needs are high and they want to get rid of their energy by running frequently in large areas.
  • They are very intelligent dogs. Thanks to their intelligence, they can be trained very easily. But they are also very stubborn.
  • They want to form a deep and intense bond with their owners.
  • They immediately own the place they live in and adapt easily.
  • They are not very friendly to other people other than their owners.
  • Relationships with other living things are weak.
  • They are curious and very attentive dogs.
  • Like other small breed dogs, Jack Russell Terriers are noisy animals. They bark a lot at home.
  • It is a breed with developed hunting instincts.
  • It has a predisposition to deafness and eye diseases.
  • Their life span ranges from 13 to 15 years.

Jack Russell Terrier Physical Structure

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Jack Russell Terrier has an agile, fast body. This breed, which is used in fox hunting, will run after a prey fearlessly and quickly at the first opportunity you give it. They are known for their active and fast nature among small breed dogs. If their high exercise needs are met, they play games and socialize with their owner, they will appear as a more adaptable dog. It is recommended to walk with a leash during outdoor exercises and trainings. They tend to get into trouble because of their quick movement and fearless nature.

It is a loyal, loving and playful dog with its big character in its small body.

Jack Russell Terrier Lifespan

This breed, which knows how to enjoy life and loves to spend time with their loved ones, has a lifespan of 12-15 years and a longer waistline when looked at regularly and with love.

Jack Russell Terrier Origin

The Jack Russell Terrier was developed in the south of England in the 1800s by Reverend John Russell as a fox hunter to track foxes both above and below ground.

Jack Russell Terrier Physical Characteristics

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The Jack Russell is a sturdy, durable, strong and compact terrier. Body length is proportional to height. The neck structure is muscular, of medium length and broadening towards the shoulders. The shoulders are sloping, laid back. The chest is not deep, but it has an athletic appearance. It has a balanced appearance with its slightly curved waist, straight and strong back structure, height and whole body. She has a perfect beauty with her athletic body structure, which is generally in shape.


The head structure is generally proportional and balanced with the body. It has almond eyes on a flat skull, and ears that are moderately far apart and wide. The muzzle is long and the nose color is black (black jack russell terrier). Their cheeks are bony and muscular. Upper teeth and lower teeth close in harmony. It has a scissor bite with its strong jaw and sharp teeth.


The ears, located in the middle of the head, are of medium thickness and width. It has button-shaped ears that fold forward, likened to a small v-shape. The ears are folded from the ends to the forehead or both sides of the head.


Jack Russell has dark almond-shaped eyes. His gaze is energetic, positive, cheerful and full of intelligence. He makes the other party feel different emotions with his gaze and can understand what people are feeling from their gaze.

Legs and Paws

The front legs are strong and flat-boned, with a slightly open structure. Joints are in correct alignment, elbows move independently perpendicular to the body. Their hind legs are quite strong and muscular. It has good driving and pushing ability with its front and back legs in harmony with each other. When viewed from behind, their knees should be straight. Their feet are wide, round and hard padded. The stance of their paws is neither fully turned inward nor turned outward. They have a lively, free, active and coordinated gait.


The tail structure is quite long and in a high position. Their tails are long compared to their bodies. When the Jack Russell is used as a hunter, their long tails make it difficult to hunt in tight places. That’s why the queue was interrupted. Since the length of its tail is desired to be proportional to its body, 3/1 of it (around 10 cm) is cut/clamped. In places where tail cutting is prohibited, this process is not applied and the tail is left to its natural development.


The Jack Russell breed has two different hair structures, straight and fringed. The two types of feathers are double-layered, coarse and smooth. However, their feathers do not have a woolly structure. Its coarse and soft fur is resistant to harsh weather conditions and water. In fringed fur type, long hairs on the eyebrows and chin have the appearance of a beard. Their hair is always straight, never curly or wavy. The fringed fur structure of the Jack Russell dog is formed by the fact that the straight and coarse hairs are long in certain parts of the body.


At least 51% of the Jack Russell Terrier’s body must be white. On the head, body and tail areas, black, tan, yellowish or brown spots, patterns and markings are seen on the white dominant fur color. Brindle colors and markings are slightly rarer than the general color variants. Being predominantly white is one of the features that hunters love because they can see them comfortably in the field.

Jack Russell Terrier Care

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The Short Jack Russell Terrier has two fur types, smooth and coarse. You need to comb and brush their double-layered fur regularly on a weekly basis. You can comb and brush with a thick, stiff bristle brush, greyhound mitts or a thin brush. With this process, you will prevent your dog’s hair from getting tangled, lint and dead hair from falling on the ground. In general, they are not a breed that sheds much. In addition to regular combing and feeding it with quality food, the problem of shedding will decrease to minimum levels.

The long, frizzy Jack Russell needs to be shaved and beard trimmed from time to time. While the hair length of short-haired dogs is 1 cm, it is up to 10 cm in long ones. Therefore, their care, maintenance frequency and shaving need will differ.

Jack Russell doesn’t need a bath very often. It is sufficient to wash it once a month, as long as it does not play with the soil, get into the mud or get dirty. Fingernails, ears, mouth and teeth should always be checked. You should cut their nails 1-2 times a month depending on how long they grow. You should also brush your teeth 2-3 times a week. Since their ears are low downwards, you should make an effort to check for dirt and foreign objects every week.

Make sure to check nails, ears, mouth, teeth, nose, eyes, feet and skin in your weekly care routines. Your dog may experience redness, inflammation, etc. in these controls. If you notice any differences, follow up and consult your veterinarian if necessary.

Jack Russell Terrier Nutrition

To meet the daily nutritional needs of Jack Russell Terrier, you can divide 1.5-2 scoops of high quality food into 2 meals. This measure is specified in general. The daily amount it needs to eat will vary according to your dog’s age, height-weight ratio and active structure. Because it is prone to certain health problems, you should always pay attention to its nutrition. In order to avoid digestive problems, you should be selective in household foods and you should not feed every food to your dog. You should get help from your veterinarian in your questions and problems about nutrition and, if necessary, apply a suitable nutrition program for your dog.

Jack Russell Terrier Exercise

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Jack Russell Terriers are affectionate, playful and fun-loving dogs. They enjoy life with joy, enjoy playing games, spending time with their owners and participating in activities. When these features are combined with their high energy and need for exercise, Jack Russell dogs that love to walk emerge.

Taking short daily walks with Jack is not enough for them. He needs long walks, jogging and an exercise routine where he can hop freely around. With an intense exercise program, it should be ensured that they throw out their high energy. In addition to the exercises, you can also provide your dog with a pleasant time by buying dog toys.

You should always wear a leash when exercising outside. It is possible for him to go after something when there is something around him that excites him and stimulates his hunting instinct. That’s why it’s important that you have the dominance so that you can control it. They adapt easily to apartment life when their need for exercise is met, but the place where they will really feel comfortable is a house with a garden. The garden area, where security measures are taken, where he can run freely, play games with his owner and do exercises, will adapt to his high rhythm life more.

Jack Russell Terrier Health

Jack Russell Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but they are also prone to certain genetic disorders. Responsible breeders scan their stocks as a precautionary measure for health issues related to certain eye disorders such as patellar luxation (loose kneecap), legg-calve-perthes disease, congenital deafness, late-onset ataxia, spinocerebellar ataxia, glaucoma and lens luxation. When buying or owning a Jack Russell, knowing the dog’s history, family and ancestors will give you insight into genetic health issues.

In order for your dog to live a healthy life, you should take care of it regularly. You should pay attention to his diet, hygiene and exercise. All these little details will affect his lifespan and quality. You can follow the changes of your dog in your weekly and monthly grooming routines and get information by consulting the veterinarian if necessary. Detecting health problems early is very important for your dog’s lifespan and quality.

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Jack Russell Terrier Mix

Jack Russell Terrier and Fox Terrier Mix

This dog breed, known as the Fox Russell, is a hybrid breed that emerged from the combination of Jack Russell Terrier and Fox Terrier. An energetic, affectionate, playful and intelligent breed of dog, the Fox Russell is affectionate with children and other animals.

Credit: Hepper

Jack Russell Terrier and Pug Mix

Known as the Jug Dog, this breed of Jack Russell and Pug mix is a very energetic and stubborn dog. This dog, which needs a lot of attention and love, is a friendly dog that can be raised in a family environment.

Jack Russell Terrier and Beagle Mix

This hybrid breed produced from Jack Russell and Beagle has high tracking and olfactory abilities. Known as the jackabee, this species is frequently used by police and military in bomb disposal missions. The Jackabee is a very fast, active and intelligent dog breed.

Photo By Tami-McKenney

Jack Russell Terrier and Boston Terrier Mix

This dog breed, which is a hybrid breed developed from the Boston Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier, is an extremely energetic and affectionate breed. It is a more intelligent breed than many other dogs in terms of intelligence level. Like other Jack Russell Terrier breeds, this breed needs a lot of exercise.

Jack Russell Terrier and Border Collie Mix (Border Jacks)

Border Jacks, a hybrid breed developed from Jack Russel Terriers and Border Collie, are extremely active dogs that need two to three hours of daily exercise.


How long does a Jack Russell Terrier live?

A well-maintained, healthy Jack Russell Terrier can live approximately 12-15 years or more.

How big does a Jack Russell Terrier get?

Jack Russell Terrier dog females and males have a small stature in weight. In general, its weight is 5-8 Kg, and its height is between 26-35 cm.

Does the Jack Russell Terrier shed a lot?

The Jack Russel Terrier is a breed that does not shed much with its long and short hair types. It is possible to minimize the existing spills by combing and brushing on a weekly basis.

What are the Jack Russell Terrier colors?

The Jack Russell Terrier has black, tan, tan and brown transitions on white-weighted feathers. These colors are spots and patterns on the head, chest and different parts of the body.

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