Pug Dog Breed: Size, Characteristics & Personality


The friendly Pug has a square-proportioned, compact and stocky build. It has a unique aura with its leather wrinkles on its round head. These wrinkles add cuteness to his cuteness and give him a different expression. They do not grow much, they belong to the class of small dogs. They have a strong gait and an excited mood that reveals their energetic nature. Their feathers are light brown, brown and black and are thin, smooth and short.

Personality & Character Traits

With its round head, large round eyes, wrinkled eyebrows and forehead, the Pug breed is a loyal and affectionate companion. It is loyal to its owner, making an effort to please him. It likes to be loved by its owner. It is stated that he gives happiness to the people around him with his cute eyes. The Pug breed is suitable for living and being cared for in a home environment. They make very good friends with the people around them. He communicates well with all age groups, from young to old. They gain a special place in the family environment with their relations with children.

Pug wants to be liked. If they make eye contact with you and don’t get loving glances from you, they will be unhappy. We can say that it is an emotional race that can show its love to its owner and expects the same in return. They need love and attention as much as a human being. They may come to you on your lap while you sit and read a book or watch TV. Instead of sitting in a corner by himself in the house, the Pug can be positioned close to his loved ones as a contact-loving breed. This closeness is never enough to overwhelm the owner or the Pug. However, if there is suitable environment and conditions, it accompanies its owner instead of hanging out alone.

They can easily survive in temperate climates that are not too hot or too cold. It is seen that they enjoy eating very much. However, since they have a small size, it will be healthier for them to eat with portion control. Each extra meal given to them by their sad gaze does more harm than good to them. Pug, who is prone to gain weight, should be fed with special food if necessary.

It would not be possible to pass without mentioning a feature of the Pug breed, which likes to lie down and doze. It is a slightly snoring breed. If you want to live with it, you have to be willing to listen to it snoring from time to time. Don’t be surprised by the snoring coming out of their small bodies, this is normal as they have difficulty breathing due to their facial structure and heat sensitivity.

Pug is a good-natured, cute, playful and funny dog ​​with a sweet wrinkled face. From time to time, it can also make headstrong exits against the commands given by its owner. It is also observed that they stubbornly try to fight from afar with larger animals and dogs. However, they usually tend to please their owner, and this stubbornness is short-lived.

In order for the Pug breed to be a more well-behaved dog, it is important to be trained and socialized at an early age. With these trainings, their skills increase, their potential misbehaviors are noticed and new ways are found to be corrected. Visiting dog parks, communicating with foreign dogs under the control of the owner, spending time and playing games in different people and environments are important for the development of his personality. The walks and activities you will do with your dog during the day can be decisive for his personality and character.


Pug Dog History

It is known that the Pug breed made friends with many people in different parts of the world, from the Chinese emperors to the Dutch royal family. Pug, with his wrinkled skin, a little sad and sweet eyes, has fascinated people in every period.

The Pug breed has many known names. It is referred to by different names as “Mopshond” in the Netherlands, “Mops” in Germany and “Dutch or Chinese Pug” in England, “Carlin” in France, “Dogullo” in Spain and “Caganlino” in Italy. There are some rumors about the origin of the name Pug. The first rumor about his name; Pug was likened to a clenched fist as a head structure and was consumed from the Latin word Pugnus, which means fist. Another rumor is that Pug dogs are named so because their facial expressions resemble Marmoset Pug monkeys. Although their names have changed over time and are referred to differently in different places, the Pug breed has managed to preserve the mastiff characteristics inherited from their ancestors. As the only descendant of its ancestors, which disappeared in ancient times, it was an exceptional race.

The Pug is one of the few dog breeds that was miniaturized in the East centuries ago. This event is thought to have occurred as it is the favorite pet of Buddhist monasteries in Tibet. In China, facial wrinkles are considered princely signs, even vertical wrinkles are likened to Chinese prince script. We think that this situation made them give a different importance to the Pug breed, which has cute wrinkles.

The Pug breed, originally from China, arrived in the Netherlands presumably through trade between the Dutch East Indies and China. Here, they took the name Mopshond and attracted great attention. In 1572, announcing the approach of Spanish soldiers, Prince III. He saved William’s life. After this event, the Pug was adopted as the official dog of the Orange House (Orange-Nassau Dynasty).

In 1790 the Pug became a popular dog in France as well. It was first brought to England in the Victorian era. It was brought to the United States in the 19th century, where it continued to be popular. In all periods, it was a breed that kings, rich and noble class gave importance. Pug participated in competitions, won championships, was the subject of paintings and portraits. After the 1700s, William Hogarth, like many painters, included apricot-colored, silver Pugs as well as black-colored Pugs in his works.

The British occupied the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860 and took the two Pug puppies living there with them. Two Pugs named “Lamb” and “Moss” were mated to become the first pup to be named “Click”. Click has been crossed multiple times with dogs with the Willoughby and Morrison genes. It is thought that the formation of today’s Pug breed started with Click.

Pug Dog Physical Qualities


Pug dogs have a short body structure in terms of body. The chest area is wide and they have a thick arched neck. They have varying lengths between 25 and 33 cm. It is ideal for their health to be between 6 and 8 kg maximum.


They are darker in color and have a wider head than their body. He has wrinkles on his head. This makes it difficult to guess his age and adds a funny air. The mouth and nose area are black in color. They are known to have sharp teeth. Since the nose part is not long, it has breathing problems. In addition, they often stick their tongues out in order to regulate the temperature and breathe comfortably.


Its ears are set low on either side of its head and are quite soft. It is seen that the blackness increases towards the tip of the ears. We can say that they have soft and thin ears like black velvet. The ears of the Pug breed are seen in two different forms, called rose and button. Rose ears are smaller than the button ear shape and the front of the ear falls towards the side of the head. Pugs with more button ears are common.


Wrinkled, black and cute Pug have round black, brown eyes. He looks lovingly at the owner, the person who loves him. Pugs do not have prominent eyebrow arches that protect their eyes. That’s why her big and beautiful eyes have a very sensitive structure.

Legs and Feet

Its legs are of medium length, straight and strong. His shoulders are a little low. The heel bones are strong and of medium height. Its feet are not as long as a rabbit’s, but not as rounded as a cat’s. They have tiny feet with black nails and individually separated fingers. The parallel stance of the hind legs is strengthened by the balance of the front legs.


They usually have a tail that curls over their hips. It is seen that the tail curl rotates twice so that it can stay oriented to one side. Pugs are a cute breed that can convey their happiness and excitement to their owner with a single gesture, with their tail bent like a bun on their back.


It has a soft, shiny, smooth feather texture. Feathers are short. Their short hair has a double layer structure. Seasonally, it experiences shedding mostly in summer. Apart from that, there is minimal shedding with weekly maintenance.


Pugs come in shades of fawn, apricot, brown and black. You can see all shades of these unique colors in Pugs with their short, fine, smooth and shiny hair.


Pug Dog Grooming

Pug has shiny, short and smooth fur. The Pug, which has light brown, apricot, silver and black colors and tones, does not upset you much in terms of care. As with any pet, their fur falls out. To reduce this shedding, you can reduce shedding by regular brushing 1-2 times a week with products such as a medium-hard brush, grooming gloves. They shed heavily during the summer months. Apart from that, shedding that occurs in all seasons of the year is at a normal level.

Pug is also very flexible when it comes to bathing. It may not be washed as long as it does not enter a very dirty place and does not have a dog-specific issue on its skin. However, there should still be a certain bathing routine and dog-specific shampoos should be used. You should check your nails regularly as they grow fast. Depending on the elongation, you can cut. It is recommended to cut the nails 1-2 times a month. Brushing can be done at least 2-3 times a week for dental and oral hygiene.

For Pug, which makes wheezing and snoring sounds from time to time, nose, ear, mouth, etc. We recommend that you do not neglect their maintenance. If necessary, you can consult the veterinarian and complete their care without interruption.

Pug Dog Nutrition

Pug can consume veterinarian approved home food and high quality food. However, because they love to eat, how much they consume is important. You can plan her nutrition depending on her age, gender, and duration of activity. Do not be deceived by their innocent state and increase the number of meals because it is very easy for them to gain weight. Pugs can eat whatever you put in front of them, but they can have digestive problems afterwards. Therefore, attention should be paid to its nutrition. Clean drinking water is as important to Pugs as food and should be kept in its bowl at all times.

The weight range for the adult Pug is 6-8 kg. Their size varies between 25 and 33 cm. When calculating the ideal weight, take into account your dog’s height when making a nutrition plan.

Pug Dog Exercise

Pugs have a sensitivity to hot, sunny and humid weather. Therefore, they should not do strenuous, high-tempo exercise in these weather conditions. In general, they like to walk and play with their lively, fun and robust bodies.

During the day, 30 minutes of playing time, 1 km of walking is enough for him. Not encouraged by his owner to exercise, the Pug is in the nature to spend the day curled up and lying down. When the nature of eating and sleeping is combined, this can bring obesity to your door. That’s why you should bring out the playful and fun side of Pug and not disrupt his daily exercises.

In order to live a healthy life, you need to avoid overeating. Reward food, home meals you give because you can’t eat can negatively affect their health in the future. There are certain brands that veterinarians recommend for high quality, vitamin and protein foods:

There are certain brands we can recommend for your dog. For dry food, dog wet food, dog treats and other different foods; You can choose the suitable one for your dog from Royal Canin, Pro plan, Hills , ND, Gimdog, Brit Care, Purina, Acana, Orijen, Reflex ,Enjoy brands.

Pug Dog Training

The Pug was bred to befriend humans. With its loving, intelligent and extroverted nature, it tries to please its owners, and this attitude towards its owner facilitates the training process. From the 10th week, the training process of Pugs can be started.

Pug, who has an emotional temperament, is easily hurt and offended. Therefore, strict rules and harsh methods should not be applied in their education. Negative behaviors are observed in pets exposed to harsh treatment. Always try to display positive behavior in training, this will strengthen the bond between you and your dog. When your dog is younger, have him make friends with other dogs, strangers and pets under supervision.

Pug Dog Health

The black, attractive eyes of the Pug dog are one of the main features that make them win the hearts of people. These beautiful, attractive eyes are one of the most important points that Pugs should be checked for health. Pugs can suffer from eye diseases such as corneal abrasions, corneal ulcers, and dry eye. Therefore, the eyes should be given the necessary attention and if necessary, routine eye doctor evaluation should be done.

They should be fed with portion control for their tiny bodies that are suitable for weight gain. Pugs have the same breathing problem as all flat-faced breeds. Their breathing is insufficient in hot and sunny weather and humid environments. Considering the sensitivity of heat, such environments should be paid attention. In addition, due to their sensitivity to anesthesia in possible surgical situations, precautions should be taken in advance. A well-kept Pug can make you a loyal companion for 12-15 years.

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