Pomeranian: Size, Characteristics & Personality


The Pomeranian is a square-sized, petite spitz dog. With its round body, small ears, double-layered fur, and backward-curved tail, it has similar characteristics to spitz dogs. It is also known as Pom in short, and in some countries it is called Zwergspitz, Zwers, Spitz Enano, Spitz Main, Deustche Spitze, Loulou. It is likened to a fox with its alert, confused, excited facial expression. Pomelian has a distinctive air with its fluffy, soft and smooth brown, white, gray, red and black fur. Its dense and fluffy plumage is complemented by an outwardly curved tail. With its small bright eyes and always smiling face, it represents a race that is loved and popular in every period.

Personality & Character Traits

The Pomeranian stands out with its very active, smart, curious and courageous nature. He tends to tinker with everything with his curious nature. Communication with small children and other animals is sometimes poor. It is seen that they live more harmoniously with families with older children.

Although the Pomeranian is a small toy dog, he sees himself big. For this reason, he may try to fight by barking and arguing with dogs of the same size or larger than himself with his brave structure. In order to prevent this situation, you should pay attention to it during walking and activity times outside.

Despite its petite nature, the Pomeranian is a good watchdog. With its careful, self-confident and curious nature, it communicates with its owner by barking when it senses danger. They have a tendency to bark and this can give their owner a hard time from time to time. You should train in this direction to prevent extraordinary barking attacks. A well-trained Pomeranian obeys commands with loyalty to its owner.

The good-natured, friendly Pomeranian needs socialization, walking and activity. These activities make him a more well-behaved dog. From a young age, you should include interactions that will positively affect the Pomeranian’s personality in his life.


Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is the smallest member of the Spitz family in the Arctic. The Pomeranian’s ancestors are descended from sled dogs in the Arctic. It is known that Pomeranian ancestors were larger and larger than they are now. It is not known how, when and from where the Pomeranian shrank to today’s petite size.

In 1761, Princess Sophie Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz took two white dogs, “Phebe” and “Mercury”, on her way to England. The probable ancestor of the breed, the German Spitz, took the name “Pomeranian” after being taken to England. The first Pomeranian breed to be brought to England was 13-14 kilograms and white in color. These white dogs are more like the Japanese Spitz breed.

In the following years, Queen Victoria came to power and bred more than 15 breed varieties in 64 years. The Pomeranian breed was recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1870, but it still did not receive the expected attention among the public. During her trip to Italy in 1888, Queen Victoria saw a 5 kilogram dog named “Marco” from the Pomeranian breed for the first time and brought it from Italy to England. Small and light, Marco was an inspiration to Victoria. The popularity of the Pomeranian breed did not increase after this journey. In 1900, the Pomeranian breed was also recognized by the AKC. Dogs fascinated people in England and many countries in America. It has become one of the popular pets.

British breeders made an effort to make the breed smaller for these dogs, which gained popularity in the 1900s and 1930s. That’s why breed standards began to be established. During these studies, with the diversification of the breed, Pomeranian dogs reached a wide range of colors.

Having a high popularity, the Pomeranian also made friends with famous names in history. Some people who own a Pomeranian; Queen Victoria, Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart..

Physical Qualities


This breed, which does not grow much, has a small body. The fact that the hair density is high causes it to appear larger than it is when viewed from the outside. It is possible to resemble a fox or a doll with its head, face and nose structure. It has dark eyes and nose, and this is the case with all Pomeranians in general. It has a tail that curves backwards on its back.


It has a magnificent air with its ears embedded in its head and feathers gathered on the sides of its face, making it look wider than it is. Looking at its head, you might think it resembles a fox. It has a small black nose, round bright eyes, small ears and a head area with two layers of hair so dense that we cannot see the skin. This state of his head gives him a more imposing stance. He has won the love of people with his always smiling mouth structure and affectionate eyes. Although they look big due to the density of their fur, the Pomeranian actually has a slender and slender body.


The Pomeranian is notable for its small, erect ears that are recessed into its head. It has an impressive appearance.


He has round big eyes and sweet eyes that accompany his always smiling mouth. They have black, brown and blue eye colors. You can find peace even in your most restless moments with a glance of the Pomeranian, who knows how to love and make you feel loved.

Legs and Feet

The Pomeranian is a small, sensitive and feisty dog. It varies in length from 17 to 30 cm and has short legs. From their legs to their feet and paws, their feathers decrease and their color tone changes. For the Pomeranian, whose bones and joints are sensitive, hopping and bouncing activities are not recommended for their health.


Pomeranian dogs have a different air with their tails curved backwards inside their double-layered fur. It has a tail that is not very long, almost disappearing between the hairs on its back. The tails of newborn kittens are not visible because they are curled between the feathers. It takes months for the puppies’ tails to come into a distinctive appearance. The color transitions on its body continue in harmony with its tail. Pomeranians have a petite body and their tails are in the same proportion as their bodies. It has a complementary beauty with its silky and shiny tail.


The fur of the Pomeranian breed is thick, shiny and has a double layered structure. The undercoat is soft, thick and fluffy. The upper layer feathers are long and shiny. The hair on the neck and chest area is longer than in other areas. They shed moderately. Male Pomeranians usually shed their undercoat once a year. Unneutered female Pomeranians shed more during menstruation, when they’re calving, and when they’re stressed.


It is seen that the Pomeranian breed is born with a light color, the color of their feathers gets darker as they grow, and it reaches its final color in adulthood. The most common colors in the fluffy and soft coat of Pomeranian dogs are: white, brown, brick red, cream, tan, sable and gray.

Pomeranian Care

The Pomeranian has a different air from other pets with its fluffy and shiny fur. In order to protect this admired fur, it is necessary to comb and brush at least 2 times a week. To prevent the fur from matting, brush it towards the skin at least once a week with a needle brush and an additional fine brush. Increase brushing frequency during shedding.

Nail care is also important for these energetic and active dogs to move more easily. Nails should be cut 2 times a month depending on the growth and paw care should be done. In terms of oral and ear health, you should check these areas during weekly maintenance.

You can adjust the need for a bath depending on the cleanliness and soiling of your dog. However, you should not neglect to take a bath every 4 to 6 weeks. Bathing is one of the basic needs for your dog’s health and not to release odor.

Pomeranian Nutrition

The feeding plan for your Pomeranian should be determined by your dog’s age, weight, gender and active activity. You should choose high quality dog ​​foods recommended for small breeds and consult your veterinarian about your preference.

Since they have a small body and stomach, they do not need much nutrition. You can give the daily amount of food in the form of 2 meals with 1/2 – 1/4 scale. Gaining weight is not good for the Pomeranian. That’s why you should do regular weight control and, if necessary, request a nutrition plan from the veterinarian.

Pomeranian Exercise

It is also known as the Pomeranian lap dog. During the day, they enjoy spending time with their family members, taking short walks, jogging and playing games. They easily adapt to apartment life. They participate in the exercises with pleasure in the home environment as well as outside. During indoor games, movements such as jumping over the sofa or furniture should not be allowed for the health of the Pom. During these jumps, sensitive joints or bones may be damaged.

You should make sure that the Pom is under your supervision during outdoor activities. They are successful in escaping from the holes they find in the blink of an eye and climbing somewhere. In addition, there are dangers that may come from outside. Birds of prey, rabbits, cats and dogs of different breeds can harm a small Pomeranian.

30 minutes of activity during the day, short walks of 500-800 meters are enough for him.

Pomeranian Education

Pomeranian training should begin at an early stage. Leash training should be given so that he does not pull on the leash. Coming, stopping, etc. when called. must be obeyed to commands. Because they are an intelligent and alert breed, you need to be consistent and show patience in your training.

During the training, you can make positive approaches such as rewards and praise. This way you avoid the Pom getting bored and distracted. Since they have a small and slender body, you should avoid movements that could harm them in their training.

Pomeranian Health

The Pomeranian is among the healthy, active, small dogs. To be healthier, you should do daily exercise, small walks and activities. The Pomeranian breed is generally healthy, but they are also prone to certain diseases. Knowing what these diseases might be will help you keep your dog’s health in check.

The veterinarian can help screen your dog for conditions such as patella luxation (slipped kneecap), hypothyroidism, legg-calve-perthes disease, collapsed trachea, congestive heart failure, dental problems, hip dysplasia, cataracts, allergies, seizures and alopecia. Learning the health information of its parents while adopting a puppy also allows you to have information about possible diseases. A well-kept and well-kept Pomeranian can live with you for 12-16 years.

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