Persian Cat: Breed Profile, Size, Personality & Other Traits


The Persian cat, also known as the Persian Longhair, is a cat breed characterized by its long and bushy hair, round face structure and wide body.

HEIGHT10-15 inches
WEIGHT7-13 pounds
LIFE SPAN10-15 years
GOOD WITHchildren, seniors, dogs, cats, families
TEMPERAMENTsociable, affectionate
COLORSwhite black / ebony red / orange blue / gray lavender / silver cream / beige / tan chocolate / brown / sable cinnamon fawn lilac
PATTERNSbi-color color point
OTHER TRAITSrequires lots of grooming friendly toward humans friendly toward other pets friendly toward strangers tolerates being alone low prey drive good lap cat tolerates being picked up
persian cat

Persian Cat draws attention as having the softest fur among all other cat breeds. The face structure is flattened. Although this gives them cuteness; brings with it some health problems. It has a very characteristic appearance. This race, which has shown itself in the world for hundreds of years, has been loved by people in the same way since the first day it emerged. It is also very heavily nourished. Its popularity has increased day by day and it has gained its current reputation.

General Characteristics of Persian Cats

  • They have an average size in size. The size for females is between 24 – 35 cm; For men, it is between 24 – 38 cm.
  • Male Persian Cat is between 4-6 kilos.
  • The female Persian cat weighs between 3.2 and 4.5 kilos.
  • Flattened facial structures brought with them a flattened nose. The nose structure is also upturned. This creates a cute look.
  • Eye structures are round and large. Blue, green, bluish green and bright copper colors can be seen. They can also have different eye colors. But this is quite rare.
  • The most important feature that makes Persian cats so famous is their hair. The fur of these cats is extremely dense and long.
  • The inside of the ears and under the paws are hairy.

Persian Cat Personality & Character Traits

Persian cats are as calm as possible in addition to their sweetness. Persian cats are excellent companions, but they do not follow you every second at home and tie your feet. However, when it’s time to play, they love to play games with their owner. Persian cats are intelligent, just not as curious as some breeds.

Persian cats have a personality that is fully devoted to their environment and owners. However, in order to show this loyalty, it must first receive enough attention and affection from its owner. Persian cats will be a good friend, a good companion. Persian cats love to be petted very, very much.

Persian cats are known for being quiet and docile. They are very, very sweet cats in appearance. However, they do not always endear themselves to someone. It is necessary to know that they only endear themselves to people they trust.

persian cat

Persian Cat Origin

No one knows exactly when and where the first Persian cat, also known as the leopard, appeared. However, it is mentioned in some records that it was brought to Europe from today’s Iran geography in the 1600s.

A long history of over 400 years makes Persian cats one of the oldest cat breeds in existence today. Although most of the professional cat breeders in many countries of the world agree that Persian cats come from Iran and Turkey, unfortunately they do not have any significant information about their history.

Physical Qualities of Persian Cat


A healthy Persian cat has a medium to large body, usually weighing between 3 and 5 kilograms. Its thick bones make its shoulders prominent. Their backs are not straight and there is a slight upward slope towards their hips. The chest is wide. Their legs are thick and short. Their eyes are round and wide, their noses are short, and their head structures are relatively large.

Persian Cat Body Weight

Persians have different size – weight for females and males. While the size range in females is 24-35 cm; this range is between 24 – 38 cm in males. The weight is between 4-6 kilograms in males and 3.2-4.5 kilograms in females.

Persian Cat Lifespan

The average lifespan of Persian cats is 17 years.


Their head structures are markedly large compared to cats of other pedigrees. They have a wide mouth. Their jaws are well developed. Their slightly protruding noses are short.


Their ears are slightly smaller than their large heads. Relatively medium-sized ears are broad at the base, slightly tapering towards the tips. When viewed from the front, a slight outward slope is seen.


They have a medium size and round eye structure. Eye colors vary according to the color of the fur. It is mostly golden, brown and grape green.

Legs and Paws

Legs are short and thick. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front. Leg muscles are dense, paws relatively large and rounded.


Their tails are at least 5 cm wide at the base. It is short-medium length compared to its body, and its hair density is high.


Persian cats are one of the hairiest cat breeds compared to other cat breeds. They have long and thick coats and therefore need almost daily grooming. Its semi-dense hairs are easily combed and resistant to all seasons. Colors and patterns vary.


Persian cats can be seen in white, cream, black, blue, chocolate, lilac, silver, gold, tortoiseshell, blue-cream, calico and seal colors. The saturation of its colors and patterns depends on its regular diet and exercise. Pattern colors can be solid, shaded or dotted.

Persian Cat Care and Nutrition

The flat face and short jaws of Persian cats can make it difficult for them to eat dry food and drink enough guilt. Therefore, when choosing a food bowl for them, a wide, shallow and low-sided plate should be preferred.

Persian Cat Training

Training in cats shows its effect when it is started when they are still kittens and leads to success. For this reason, as in other cat breeds, training Persian cats with a regular and systematic training program while they are still kittens will give a successful result. The desired result can be easily achieved with the reward foods that will be given if he successfully fulfills every command given without missing their interest and compassion during the training. Patience is also an issue that should not be forgotten when training Persian kittens, which can often be independent.

Persian Cat Health Status

ersian cats are prone to a number of health problems, primarily due to their facial structure.

They may experience difficulty breathing or wheezing due to narrow nostrils.

Irritation may occur in the eyes of Persian cats with the inward curling of the eyelid. In such a case, surgical intervention is required.

They are prone to eye diseases such as cherry eye and entropion.

Symptoms suggestive of polycystic kidney failure may occur. If not detected, it can cause chronic kidney failure. If a loss of appetite, vomiting, frequent urination and lethargy are observed, consult a veterinarian immediately.

Cardiomyopathy is a disease that occurs as a result of thickening of the walls of the heart. Unfortunately, this health condition is difficult to diagnose and often the first symptom is sudden death. It is mostly seen in older male cats. Symptoms of this disease include lethargy, difficulty in breathing, cough, paralysis of the legs and cessation of eating and drinking.

A predisposition to ringworm, known as a fungal infection, can also be seen.

Persian cats have a dense hairy structure. Their hair should be brushed regularly every day. Problems such as itching, redness, hair loss and hairballs may occur in Persian cats that are not regularly groomed.

Finally, it should not be forgotten that regular tooth brushing and nail clipping should be done.

Persian Cat Features to Consider

Eye health should be taken care of, as having a flat face allows infections to stick in their eyes. You may need to clean your cat’s eyes under veterinary advice whenever you have discharge from your eyes.

Although it may seem difficult to care for, the Persian cat does not cause any trouble at home as it is docile and will not leave your knees. These cats, which can stay in your lap for hours, are an ideal choice especially for those who live alone and do not leave the house much. Another beautiful feature of Persian cats is their sharp intelligence. This shows that he is open to both learning and training. At the same time, he can understand human emotions because he has strong communication with people.

persian cat

Genetic Diseases That Persian Cats Are Predisposed To

The flattened nose and short nasal passages cause wheezing or respiratory problems such as difficulty breathing.

Persian cats have the same size and the same number of teeth as cats with a normal face form, while the length of the jaw that develops in accordance with the flat face form is shorter than normal.

Normal size and number of teeth can develop randomly and crookedly in insufficient space. If the distorted development that develops in the insufficient structure of the jawbone is not treated; It can cause gum diseases and intraoral infections, tooth loss or discomfort in other organs in the body. Idiopathic facial dermatitis, heart ailments, kidney ailments are among the hereditary ailments of Persian cats.

Persian Cat Hair Care

Brushing and combing every day is important in terms of maintenance. Brushing should be done gently using a suitable cat brushing comb. Due to its long-haired structure, it is necessary to be very careful against fluff clumping.

Apart from brushing, washing should generally be done using dry cat shampoo or foam shampoo, if possible, wet washing should be applied very rarely.

persian cat

How to groom Persian cats?

Daily brushing and combing is important for maintenance. Brushing should be done gently using a suitable cat brushing comb. Due to its long-haired structure, it is necessary to pay close attention to hair clumping.

In addition to brushing, washing should usually be done using dry cat shampoo or foam shampoo, and if possible, wet washing should be applied very rarely.

Persian cats may not get along very well with small children

It may not always be possible to match the features of Persian cats with the dynamics of houses where families with children live. Persian cats, like many other cats, do not like noise and constant movement in their living areas. Being loved by very small children is not their preference. Still, both Persian cats and children should be given a chance. Gentle love sessions can be enough to win their hearts. At the same time, ensuring that they have their own space will directly affect their happiness. Cat houses located in a quiet area can become the most precious treasures of tailed friends.

The relationship of the Persian cat breed with the environment

The relationship of the Persian Cat breed with the environment is quite stable. The Persian cat type, which is quite lazy and coy, exhibits coy manners and endears itself to make people love it. However, it is not usually him who is played or loved during this love or play, it is you.

Persian cats relationship with other animals can be quite normal if they are also calm. However, if your other animal friends that you keep in your house display energetic attitudes during the day and try to play with your Persian Cat friend, then things can get a little hot because the Persian Cat breed can neither be loved nor played unless it wants to.

Since the Persian breed wants all the attention, attention to children or other pets in the home causes the Persian cat to become cranky.

Are Persian Cats Difficult to Take Care of?

Persian cats have a long, thick and dense coat. Their long hair not only makes them look more affectionate, but also gives them a chunky look. Such long and dense hair can inevitably bring with it health problems such as hairballs and skin irritation. Persian cats need to be groomed on a daily basis. In addition, possible health problems can be prevented by performing monthly routine checks. Special attention should be paid to their eyes so that they do not get eye diseases such as cherry eye.

2 Interesting Facts About Persian Cats

There were Persian cats in the world’s first cat show


The information we have about the characteristics of the Persian cat is closely related to our long time living with them and the fact that they are especially popular with European nobles. In the event held in Crystal Palace in 1871, which went down in history as the world’s first cat show, Persian cats again appeared on the stage. It is known that Siamese cats participated in the same competition, more than 20 thousand men watched this competition live and the Persian cat won the “best show” award.

Effort may be required to activate Persians


Persian cats’ calm natures require their interests to be discovered and their movements observed before they can be activated. Persian cats, who prefer to rest calmly during the day, tend to gain weight. Weight gain of Persian cats significantly affects their health and living comfort. It is known that this breed, which has breathing difficulties because they have a flat face, can breathe harder than normal if they are overweight. Their anatomical features will require creativity to make them more active. In this context, cat toys provide great convenience. Discovering his favorite type of toy will have an impact that will make it easier for him to act.

Persian Cat Price

The price of the Persian cat breed in 2022 is between $2,500 and $2,500.

Note: We are completely against the buying and selling of animals for money. If you want to adopt an animal, you can adopt it from the nearest shelter.

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