French Bulldog: Size, Characteristics & Personality

french bulldog

The French Bulldog is a cute lap dog that loves to be with its family and enjoys playing and having fun. It is smaller in size than the American Bulldog and English Bulldog breeds. The origin of the French Bulldog breed, contrary to popular belief, is England, not France, but it is integrated with the country where it gained popularity. It has a low center of gravity, wide body, heavy bone and muscle structure. It has a large square head. The skin on the head and shoulders is soft, loose and wrinkled. They have a distinctive flair with their large, broad, bat ears. They enjoy spending time with their loved ones, sleeping and cuddling. Being alone for a long time is not for them at all. The city is among the most popular small dog breeds due to its adaptability to apartment life and being an adaptable dog.

Characteristics of French Bulldog & Other Traits

The French Bulldog is a friendly dog. It is a breed that needs to be loved, taken care of by its owners, to play games, and to briefly contact them. When he feels that he is not loved or interested, he may experience psychological problems such as anxiety disorder and anxiety. Even if he stays alone in his family for a long time, he may be affected psychologically and exhibit negative behaviors. The French Bulldog is not a dog you can leave alone for long periods of time and expect to live outside in a kennel. They want to share the same house with their family, spend time together and cannot live outside because they cannot tolerate the heat. If you do not work hard, have a regular home life and can spare enough time for these dogs, the French Bulldog is a loyal friend that will accompany you for many years.

They easily adapt to apartment life. Their exercise needs are low, their favorite thing to do is cuddles and lots of sleep. Therefore, they are not very active in the house. With their low energy, they need minimal exercise. Often the owner may need to mobilize them for exercise. Emptying their energies during the day will relax them, so this need should not be neglected. They don’t bark much, they don’t make loud noises. It may prefer to bark only when it wants to attract the attention of its owner. All these features will enable him to live in harmony in an apartment, a medium-sized apartment, and that the neighbors will not complain about him.


Due to their compatibility, they get along very well with family members, small children and other pets. They are very loyal to their owners, very happy to play with and entertain them. They get along very well with children and have a high tolerance for them. He is full of love towards the creatures around him. If you started socializing it at an early stage, it may surprise you later on with its communication with dogs and other pets. They generally get along well with animals and enjoy spending time with them under your supervision.

They don’t need a lot of exercise. Short walks and excursions are ideal for them. They are prone to respiratory, joint, and heart-related ailments, so you should avoid strenuous and brisk physical activities. The French Bulldog is not a good swimmer, it is an important step for their health not to let them roam alone near deep waters.

In addition to training the French Bulldog at an early stage, it is also very important to socialize it. When they are puppies, communicating with different people and animals in different environments will affect them to be more well-behaved as an adult dog. By taking them to dog parks, you can positively affect their development by enabling them to interact with dogs and the people around you. In general, the characteristics of french bulldog; It is a fun, cute, warm and friendly dog ​​breed that enjoys being in close contact with its owner, meeting new people and making friends.

French Bulldog Origin

The first rumor about the origin of the French Bulldog breed is that it is derived from the Molossus, and the second is that it is based on the Chincha of Peru. The French Bulldog is descended from the Molossus breed, which led to the development of Mastiffs and Bulldogs. Bulldogs were originally bred by the French for bullfighting and blood sports. Later, when blood sports were declared illegal in England and Europe, English Bulldogs lost their old interest and became unemployed. It is thought that Bulldogs, which are large and imposing, were crossed with terrier type or Pug type dogs to be smaller in size. After this crossing, the French Bulldog breed was formed.

The French Bulldog breed first appeared in the Nottingham region of England in the mid-1800s, being quite popular. The Bulldog, which is the size of a toy dog, attracted the attention of lace manufacturers at that time and became their mascot. These dogs have been met with interest in the Nottingham area and some English cities. Known for its erect ears, the small Bullog breed, which is loved by some in England and disliked by others, finds itself there when many people engaged in the lace trade move to France. Some Brits have small build, ears etc. This breed, which did not show much interest in the beginning due to its characteristics, has come to a different position with its export to France.

After the Toy Bulldogs came to France, they were very popular here. These dogs, which are popular in France, have attracted the attention of dog breeders. It is estimated that they were crossed in France with different breeds of dogs, presumably Terriers and Pugs. As a result of this cross, the upright bat ears that distinguish them from other Bulldogs have emerged more prominently. France calls these dogs Bouledogue Français. These dogs, which later came from England, were constantly bred by the French to have upright bat ears. It has been debated for many years about the ear type of this race, whether it is a rose or a bat, which represents the real race.

In the late 1800s, dogs attracted the attention of the upper class and were adopted. Paris has noticed this breed more and has included it in their lives as an excellent city dog. This race revived the Parisian cafe life, dance halls and night entertainments and was associated with fancy women who loved this life. The French Bulldog breed, which attracted the attention of French painters such as Edgar Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec, was depicted in the paintings.

Following its rise in popularity among the upper class, Americans who came to France took a few French Bulldogs to America. In 1913, it took its place among the popular dogs in America and began to be bred with interest. The American Club, which was founded in America, contributed to this breed by stating its opinion that the dog with bat ears instead of “rose ear” is the right French type dog about the ear structure of this breed.

After its popularity in France, its reputation spread to Europe and America at the end of the 19th century with its distinctive ears, which made it known all over the world. He took part in our lives as a part of the Bulldog family, which everyone loves but cannot take care of and education. Since the first day the French Bulldog gained popularity, people’s interest and love for it has been increasing day by day.

French Bulldog Relationship with Animals & Children

The French Bulldog breed is perfectly compatible with children. If you have a family with children, this dog breed will be your child’s best friend. The French Bulldog, who enjoys playing games with children, is also extremely patient with children. It never harms children. This dog breed, which does not have good relations with dogs, gets along well with cats rather than dogs. If you want the French Bulldog breed to get along well with every pet, you can keep it together with other animals from puppies on.

French Bulldog Health Status

The French Bulldog breed, like many other dog breeds, can be prone to various ailments. This breed of dog has several congenital deformities. Although the shape of the nose looks sweet from the outside, they have a serious difficulty in breathing because of their nose. In addition, they snore a lot. They are quite frail in the warmer months as they generally have difficulty breathing. For the summer season, you should not separate this breed from the air conditioner. Besides shortness of breath, gas, hip dysplasia, cleft palate, Von Willebrand etc. may have inconveniences. In addition, this breed is allergic to a large number of foods. For this reason, an allergy test should be done at the veterinarian.

Physical Qualities of French Bulldog


The most distinctive feature that distinguishes the French Bulldog from other Bulldog breeds is its smaller head and erect bat ears. Other than that, it resembles a miniature Bulldog. It has soft, smooth, shiny and short fur. Its broad body, under its fur, is compact and muscular. With its deep and wide chest, the front of the French Bullog is wider than the back and resembles a pear shape. The skin on the head and shoulders is wrinkled, loose and soft.


It has a square-looking, large, flat and solid head compared to its body. Its head is smaller than other Bulldog breeds. He has a round forehead, short nose and wrinkles around the nose. The muzzle is small, distinctly wide and deep. Its nose is flat, flat and sensitive enough to pick up delicate odors. His upper lips hang over his lower lips, and his sharp teeth meet on his lower jaw. The lower jaw is deep and square.


The French Bulldog is also known as the bat-eared Bulldog. It has an upright ear structure that starts wide at the base, narrows in a triangular shape and becomes rounded at the tip. The French Bulldog is different from other Bulldog breeds with its bat ears and has a distinctive aura.


The French Bulldog has round, large and prominent eyes. Their eyes are separated from each other and are lower in position compared to other dogs. Their prominent eyes are brown and dark in color. A rare blue-eyed French Bulldog is seen. The eye area is framed in black. The wrinkled structure that goes from the top of her nose to her forehead adds a more charming air to her face and a meaningful look to her eyes.

Legs and Paws

Their short legs are muscular and very strong. It has a distinctive gait with a low center of gravity, wide and muscular body. Their front stances are wider and more open than their backs. Despite their small size and short legs, they are surprisingly durable. However, with their low body structure and short legs, these dogs are risky to play on hard floors, run around and jump from high places.


Its tail is shorter than other tails. Its tail is stuck to its body, straight or curled up. The tail, which is in contact with the body, is thick at the beginning and tapers towards the tip.


The French Bulldog breed has a single layer of fur. They have soft, short, thin, shiny and smooth hair. It is similar to other Bulldog breeds with its loose and soft skin. There are wrinkles on the soft skin of the shoulder and head area.


Their single-layered, short, shiny and soft feathers can be of various colors and patterns. The fur of the French Bulldog breed; It comes in black, white, light brown, cream, brindle, black brindle and tiger brindle colors and tones. Patterned fur, on the other hand, is mottled, mottled, black shaded, and it is possible to see speckled/unspotted white markings on its black mask. White transitions, spots and spots can also be seen on the abdomen and forehead.

French Bulldog Care

The short fur of the French Bulldog does not shed much and does not need much care. Once a week you can brush and comb with a medium brush, grooming mitt, tool or a greyhound mitt. In this way, removing the shed hair from the body will both reduce the shedding and help your dog look good. They shed moderately throughout the year, but the amount of shedding may increase as the seasons change. During these times, you need to increase the frequency of combing and brushing.

The French Bulldog’s wrinkled areas need to be kept clean and dry. You should clean those areas with a damp cloth, wipe their hairs and then make sure they dry. The French Bulldog does not need a lot of bathing. When necessary, it will be sufficient to wash it when it gets dirty and muddy, and wash it once a month or two months.

You should check their nails regularly and cut and care for their growing nails at least once a month. Long nails can limit your dog’s range of motion and can break and hurt. In terms of oral and dental health, you should brush your teeth at least 2-3 times a week. Dental and oral care is important in order to prevent bacteria, infection and bad breath.

One of the details that should be considered in the care of French Bulldogs is their heat sensitivity. Dogs of this breed are very quickly affected by very hot and cold weather. You must prevent their bodies from overheating and cooling down. It should be in a cool environment in hot/humid weather and in a warm environment in cold weather. As they are sensitive about breathing, they will have difficulty in breathing in hot weather, and the need for water and cool environment will increase. In very hot and cold weather, you should not take your dog out much. In the home environment, you should ensure that your dog spends time in the room with the appropriate temperature.

In addition to the hair, nails, mouth and teeth care we have mentioned above on a weekly basis, there are additional things that need to be done. These; It is the control of ears, eyes, nose, feet and generally the whole body. When you see a difference in your weekly checks, you should consult your veterinarian and convey your questions and problems.

French Bulldog Nutrition

The French Bulldog is a breed that should be considered for a healthy diet with its small body and allergenic structure. The diet should be planned according to your dog’s age, weight and amount of exercise. It is generally recommended that this breed consume dog food suitable for small breeds in order to maintain a healthy diet, body condition and weight. You can choose high quality dog ​​foods for small breeds among the brands Royal Canin, Pro plan, Hills, ND, Gimdog, Brit Care, Purina, Acana, Orijen, Reflex, and Enjoy recommended by veterinarians and breeders. The ingredients of dog foods are diverse. There are wet food, dry food and canned products. You can narrow down the options according to your dog’s age, breed and allergen status, and leave the decision on taste to your dog.

The French Bulldog loves to eat and understands good food, so you should definitely control the amount of food you give. Otherwise, the adventure of eating combined with minimal exercise can lead to obesity. If you do not want to feed only dog ​​food, you should be selective in the home meals you will give. You should definitely not give cooked bones and fatty foods. These two products, which are among the foods that dogs should not consume, can negatively affect their health. So if you want to serve home meals, you should research what dogs can and cannot eat. In consultation with your veterinarian, you should give home meals with portion control and as meals in addition to dog food.

In order to meet the nutritional needs during the day, you can give 1 – 1.5 scoops of high quality dry food by dividing it into two meals. This size is a generalization, you can determine the appropriate amount for your dog according to his physical characteristics. You should consult your veterinarian for questions and problems about your dog’s eating pattern, amount, weight and diet.

French Bulldog Exercise

The French Bulldog does not need a lot of exercise. A short 1-kilometer walk or a 30-minute play session with its owner in the open air every day will meet the daily activity needs of the French Bulldog and will be enough to keep it in shape.

The French Bulldog enjoys obedience, agility, dexterity and participating in dog sports such as dog rallying. It is skilled in these games, but it is not a very skilled race in swimming. Therefore, do not leave your dog unattended where there are deep waters. They love to play in the water, but they cannot cope with deep water.

They may have difficulty breathing due to their flat face. Therefore, they should not do high-paced exercise. In addition, since they are sensitive to hot, humid and cold weather, they should be well adjusted when exercising. Morning or evening coolness in hot weather; In cold weather, you can choose lunch time. If your dog is out of breath during exercise or walking, he needs rest and water. You have to meet these needs and let them rest. For their health, you should not allow your dog to tire himself too much during exercise and activity.

French Bulldog Training

The French Bulldog is an intelligent dog that is eager to please its owner. However, these characteristics of the breed, which is independent and stubborn on one side, sometimes force their owners in their training. As soon as you deal with these features, they will come out to your wife as an easy breed to train. You should always be a good leader to your dog. The Bulldog must understand who the leader is and be aware that he cannot make independent decisions on his own. If you fail to do so, the Bulldog may try to become a leader himself. This prolongs and complicates your education process.

In your training, you should prefer positive reinforcements such as games, treats and praise. They like to play games, adding games to education will make them learn more easily. In addition, if you plan your training in such a way that your dog will not be distracted, you can complete this process in a short time and with fun. There are many different training methods, if your dog does not respond to the standard techniques you apply, you should continue without giving up. The French Bulldog will sooner or later respond to the wishes of his owner, whom he gets along well with and loves, and will follow the commands.

Starting to train and socialize the French Bulldog at an early stage, during puppyhood, will positively affect its development. Taking them to dog parks when they are puppies, enabling them to communicate with different people and animals in different places will ensure that they become an adult dog with good habits. Puppy training classes are the first place your dog will begin socializing and training. Here you can see his bad habits and behaviors and take steps to correct them. First of all, your dog should be given toilet training, field protection training and obedience training. These are beginner level and are the most essential, basic training. Afterwards, he can receive different trainings according to multiple interests, the dog’s ability and the owner’s preference.

French Bulldog Health

The French Bulldog is generally a healthy breed, but they are prone to certain diseases due to their genetic characteristics. Knowing what they are, learning about their symptoms, and knowing about the necessary interventions are important to your dog’s health. For health problems that may affect your dog such as hip dysplasia, hemi-vertebrae, brachycephalic syndrome, allergies, skin allergies, patella luxation, intervertebral disc disease, von willebrand disease, cleft palate, cherry eye, juvenile cataracts, entropion, joint and heart conditions by the responsible breeder breeding stock should be screened as a precautionary measure. Necessary intervention should be done under veterinary supervision. The sensitivity of French Bulldogs and all flat-faced breeds to anesthesia should never be forgotten during the intervention.

If we talk about the possible health problems of French Bulldogs due to their physical structure; These dogs are flat-faced. He is prone to breathing difficulties due to his facial structure. They may experience respiratory problems in hot, humid and cold weather. Therefore, it is not recommended to go out in such weather and do high-tempo exercise. They are not very resistant to hot, cold and humid weather conditions and are adversely affected by heat change.

Other health problems are snoring, wheezing and drooling, with a flat face, short and flat nose, and forward-closing teeth. These features are seen throughout the Bulldog breed and are now considered natural by their owners. Because of their nature, you can often hear these dogs snoring and see them drooling.

The chest area of ​​French Bulldogs is broad and muscular. Due to their center of gravity and their muscular structure, they are not successful in swimming and cannot swim. For his health, you should not leave him unattended near a body of water that is larger than his height.

You should pay attention to all these fine details for a healthy life of French Bulldogs. Your little friend will be a fun and loyal companion for many years to come, with the attention you give to their care and health.

FAQ – French Bulldog Dog Breed

What is the lifespan of a French Bulldog?

The French Bulldog breed, which is taken care of, whose nutrition, exercise and health is taken care of, can live between 9 and 14 years on average.

How big does a French Bulldog grow, how many pounds should it weigh?

The French Bulldog has a smaller and weaker build among the Bulldog breeds. Average weight max. They are 12-13 kg, and their height is generally in the range of 27-33 cm. It is important for French Bulldogs, who tend to gain weight and love to eat and sleep, to take a walk to stay fit.

Does the French Bulldog shed a lot?

The French Bulldog’s short, fine hair does not shed much. It has an easy-care coat. Scanning 1-2 times a week will suffice. There may be an increase in the amount of shedding during the seasonal transitions, but this situation will be brought under control with regular combing and brushing.

What does the French Bulldog eat?

It is recommended that the French Bulldog consume special dog food for small breeds. You can choose high quality dog ​​food suitable for small breeds of Royal Canin, Proplan, Acana, Hills, N&D, Gimcat, Brit, Purina, Felix, Brit Care brands. Extra attention should be paid to a healthy diet, as it is prone to health problems such as joint pain, spine discomfort and allergies.

Yes, they can consume homemade food. However, they should not consume every food and get the nutritional values ​​they need daily from foods that are beneficial for them. Since it will be difficult to meet the daily nutritional value with home meals, it will be healthier to consume ready-made wet food, dry food and canned foods.

Yes, they can consume homemade food. However, they should not consume every food and get the nutritional values ​​they need daily from foods that are beneficial for them. Since it will be difficult to meet the daily nutritional value with home meals, it will be healthier to consume ready-made wet food, dry food and canned foods.

Does the French Bulldog eat home-cooked food?

Yes, they can consume homemade food. However, they should not consume every food and therefore it is necessary to be selective in the foods to be given. A nutrition plan should be made to meet the daily nutritional value from home meals. However, since it will be difficult to meet the daily calories and nutritional values with home cooking, it will be healthier to consume ready-made wet food, dry food and canned food.

When do French Bulldogs mate?

15 or 18 months and later is the time suitable for healthy mating of female and male French bulldogs. When they are 8 to 11 months old, they enter the first estrus period and this period lasts 7-11 days. Between these days, it is necessary for dogs to mate during their estrus.

How many puppies does a French Bulldog give birth to?

The female French Bulldog can give birth to an average of 1 to 3 puppies at one birth. Generally, they cannot give birth to many offspring in a single birth, but although rare, between 5 and 7 puppies are born. Their delivery should usually take place under veterinary supervision and by cesarean section.

Similar Posts