European Shorthair Cat Breed – Personality Traits, Care & Things to Know About

european shorthair

The European Shorthair breed, which is one of the lesser-known cat breeds around the world, stood out in Europe in the 1980s and was accepted as a cat breed on its own. These cats can be thought of as ordinary cats because their appearance and the patterns on their fur are similar to Tabby cats. This is not a big mistake. Because European Shorthair cats have mated with stray cats in the past and have taken certain features from Tabby cats with their patterns. In fact, the history of the European Shorthair cat breed dates back to the Roman period. These cats, which were very common during the period when the Roman Empire dominated Europe, were used to hunt mice and insects thanks to their hunting skills. They are thought to be related to British Shorthair cats. Later, it was crossed with Persian cats and the breed took its final form.

European Shorthair Cat Breed General Characteristics

european shorthair
  • Europe is their homeland.
  • They are medium sized cats. They usually weigh between 3 and 7 kilograms.
  • Their fur structure allows them to live in all seasons.
  • As their name suggests, their hair is short. These short hairs are quite dense.
  • Their fur is usually patterned like Tabby cats. However, it is possible to come across European Shorthair cats in different colors such as white, red, cream, mink and smoke color.
  • Eye colors match with the color of their hair.
  • Their medium-length tails taper towards the tip.
  • They have a strong neck with thick, muscular legs.
  • They have round eyes and a round head.
  • Their hunting skills are highly developed. Small animals such as insects, birds and mice are ideal prey for them.
  • They are curious and intelligent cats.
  • They love to climb. They usually like to be in high places.
  • They don’t meow too much.
  • They have a calm character structure.
  • They are prone to socializing, but being alone is not much of a problem for them.
  • They get along well with other pets and their own species if they get used to it as puppies. His relations with people are adequate and good.
  • Because they are hardy cats, their average lifespan is 17 to 18 years.

Personality & Character Traits

european shorthair

The general character of each of these cats can vary according to their own. For example, while your European Shorthair is a very docile, calm and attention-loving cat, it is possible for another European Shorthair to have an independent character that likes to stay away from attention. In other words, it would not be correct to say that these cats have a special characteristic for their breed.

European Shorthair cats do not mind being alone at home. They enjoy playing games by themselves and spending the day in their own way. Although each of these cats, who like to be independent in general, exhibit different characters, it can be said that they generally do not worry about staying alone at home.

These cats love toys that are lively, bright and make interesting sounds. For this reason, you can choose even simple materials that you will prepare at home as toys. Of course, it is important to choose materials that your cat cannot swallow or bite. In addition, the majority of these cats, who enjoy climbing and running, also enjoy being held and receiving attention from their owners.


european shorthair

European Shorthair cats, whose origin is not known exactly, were quite common in Europe during the Roman period. These cats, which were used by the Romans to control mice and pests, appear in different species and colors as a result of mating with stray cats living in Europe.

Since there are not enough cats for the production of the breed, the European Shorthair breed, which is mated with Persian cats, has facial features similar to the Persian cat for this reason. This cat breed, which is very common especially in Europe, was first recognized by organizations in 1980.

european shorthair

Weight – Dimensions

The weight of European Shorthair cats can be quite variable. Some cats are weak, while others can be very heavy. On average, they weigh between 3 and 7 kilograms.


European Shorthair cats have an extremely strong and durable structure. The lifespan of this breed, which can live for many years, varies between 15 and 20 years.


European Shorthair kitten, which do not have a standard characteristic feature, can have a completely individual mood. There are no traits that can be identified as common to all members of the race.

European Shorthair cats, which are very durable in terms of physical characteristics, enjoy climbing and chasing things. This race, which especially likes active and bright toys, will also love to explore everywhere in the house.

European Shorthair kitten, who do not have big problems with being alone, are also very social. This breed, which always wants to be with its owners, will want to climb and sleep no matter how hard it is if it sees your lap empty.


Being a short-haired cat, it doesn’t need much grooming. You only need to scan once a week. In common with other cat breeds, it is not recommended to wash European Shorthair cats unless it is necessary.

Relationship with Children and Other Animals

European Shorthair cats, which have hunting instincts, cannot live in the same environment with animals such as birds, fish and hamsters. However, if properly introduced, they can get along very well with dogs.

Thanks to her social and active nature, she can safely stay alone with children of all ages if she understands that children will not harm her.

European Shorthair Nutrition

The European Shorthair cat does not need a special diet. However, due to its healthy development and active structure during the day, it is recommended to be fed with a high protein diet. Therefore, you can choose the wet and dry foods of Pro Plan, Royal Canin, N&D, Whiskas, LaVital brands, which are high quality cat foods containing real meat or fish as the main nutritional source, according to your cat’s age.

The problem of obesity, which many other cats face due to overfeeding, is one of the health problems that can be seen in the European Shorthair kitten. A European Shorthair kitten that consumes more than it should consume daily may face the health problem of obesity, which can result in other medical consequences such as arthritis and diabetes.

European Shorthair Health Status

This breed has a very good reputation among other European cats for its excellent health. Due to the diversity of the gene pool, there are no known genetic health problems. There is no recorded health problem so far. However, we would like to remind you of the obesity health problem again. Obesity should be prevented with a moderate diet and plenty of activity.

However, it has been stated that deafness can occur in European Shorthair tabby cats, which are generally white with blue eyes. In order to diagnose this and a possible health problem early, make sure to make regular veterinary visits.

Does the European Shorthair Cat Shed A Lot?

When there is a problem with the seasons or their health, shedding increases a lot, but there are no serious hair loss problems in normal periods. Regular brushing can prevent them from ingesting feathers and having digestive problems. In addition, measures can be taken against fluff with malt pastes.

How to Care for a European Shorthair?

They are easy to maintain and do not require much effort. In normal times, it is enough to be scanned once a week. Daily brushing during seasonal changes is important to reduce the possibility of both shedding and ingestion. Since oral and dental health problems may occur, regular oral and dental care should be done.

How Long Does a European Shorthair Cat Get Pregnant?

The average gestation period for this breed is 63 – 68 days. It is very important for the female to reach adulthood in order to become pregnant. The time to reach adulthood can range from 9 to 12 months. Therefore, a veterinarian should be consulted for the correct timing.

How Many Kittens Does the European Shorthair Cat Have?

This breed is expected to give birth to 3-5 puppies during pregnancy. However, many cases where the number has increased have been recorded. Babies born need to be with their mothers in order to develop in a healthy way. During this period, the mother’s energy needs increase due to breastfeeding. It is recommended that the female giving birth be fed with food specially produced for kittens or pregnant cats.

How to Feed the European Shorthair?

The tendency to gain weight is very high, so it is necessary to take precautions against the possibility of obesity. Age, general health and special needs are effective in choosing cat food. When choosing among the types of cat food on our site, looking at the food content and user comments will help in the right choice. Cats’ water drinking habits can cause them to become dehydrated. For this reason, it is recommended to include wet food 2 – 3 times a week in nutrition plans.


How to train a European Shorthair cat?

The European Shorthair cat is a semi-active breed. While he spends half the day by the window watching sluggishly or sleeping, he can play the other half if he wants to. This breed should be encouraged to play, especially by those who take care of it every day. However, although it is relatively difficult to train, it can be taught toilet training and leash walking, associated with a scratching post and cat tree if approached with good dedication and patience.

How long does a European Shorthair cat live?

The European Shorthair is a healthy breed with a well-developed, well-muscled body and no genetic disease. The average lifespan is between 14 and 20 years. A cat of the European Shorthair breed, which has been cared for in very good conditions, fed with high quality food, fully vaccinated and regularly checked for health, can live a little more than 20 years.

How big does the European Shorthair cat grow?

The European Shorthair is a medium to large, well-developed, healthy cat breed. The male European Shorthair cat can be heavier than the female. A fully grown European Shorthair can weigh between 3.5-6.5 kg or a little more, and can reach a length of about 30 to 35 cm. Particular attention should be paid to weight in this breed. The European Shorthair cat, which is prone to obesity, should be fed in a measured way and should not be given more food than it should consume daily.

Does the European Shorthair cat shed a lot?

The European Shorthair is a cat breed that can shed at a moderate level. Especially during the transition of seasons, hair loss can be experienced frequently. Hair loss can be minimized by brushing their hair regularly once or twice a week. In addition, choosing foods from high quality foods will help both to grow healthy and to protect skin health.

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