A healthy dog’s kidneys are essential for regulating hydration, removing waste products, releasing essential hormones for red blood cells and maintaining a normal electrolyte balance. In dogs with kidney disease, the kidneys can no longer perform their normal functions. These dogs can experience acute or chronic kidney failure. Acute kidney failure usually happens overnight and is usually caused by a sudden illness such as an infection. For this reason, veterinary control should not be neglected and the dog should be kept under observation. A healthy diet is very important for dogs with kidney disease at any stage.
Kidney disease in dogs is unfortunately as common a problem as in humans. For this reason, it is always necessary to pay attention to the diets of pawed friends. For them, a healthy diet means the prevention of diseases and the treatment of existing ones. Proper nutrition often saves lives.
What should dogs with kidney disease eat?
If your paw friend has kidney problems, you would like to find the answer to the question of what should a dog with kidney disease eat? A medical condition shapes the living conditions of every living thing. Nutrition, daily activities, and even the amount of water we drink can vary according to our existing disease. We try to do whatever it takes. Of course, the same applies not only to ourselves but to all family members, and our pawed friends are also family members.
Dogs suffering from kidney failure show symptoms. The symptoms can be very difficult to treat, but it is possible to prevent the condition by recognizing and treating the early stages. First of all, it is necessary to control and contain the disease. For this, too;
- Paying attention to symptoms and observing pawed friends,
- Making sure the dog is getting enough fluids and minerals
- Providing a balanced diet,
- It is necessary to establish a routine to prevent the progression of the disease and to slow the disease.
Nutrition for dogs with kidney disease is the most important factor among these four important items. A choice should be made between formulas specially formulated for chronic kidney disease and a special diet should be applied. Foods with less protein, sodium, and phosphorus support dogs with kidney disease.
Nutrition for Dogs and Kidney Disease
One of the primary roles of your dog’s kidneys is to remove waste from the bloodstream. Protein-derived waste products are a major source of waste in your dog’s diet. It’s important to limit the amount of protein-related waste in your dog’s diet. There has been a recent focus on improving protein efficiency ratios, which measure your dog’s weight gain per unit of protein. Fresh fruits and vegetables are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals for healthy kidney function in dogs.
Vegetable oils are high in omega-6 essential fatty acids, which are inflammatory. They are also known to be harmful to dogs with kidney disease. Flaxseed oil has more omega-3 fatty acids than most plant oils, but contains higher amounts of omega-6s. Although olive oil contains mostly omega-9, it is safe for your dog to consume in limited amounts. It’s important to monitor your dog’s diet for signs of kidney disease, as your veterinarian can recommend the best diet for your dog.
Healthy snack for dogs with Kidney Disease
A healthy diet for dogs with kidney disease does not mean they should avoid snacks. They can also consume snacks that are. After all, even if they are sick, they always deserve a pleasant snack. This makes them happy. Happiness is also the most effective medicine for sickness, isn’t it?
The diet for dogs with kidney disease should contain low amounts of protein, salt and calories. A high-fiber diet is beneficial, as are vegetables and fruits that contain plenty of fiber. Cranberries and kale are good for dogs with kidney disease and urinary tract infections, while bananas contain potassium and can help prevent bloating and diarrhea. While some dogs with kidney disease may experience digestive issues, the good news is they can still enjoy their favorite treats!
A protein-restricted diet is usually given for dogs with chronic kidney disease (CKD). These diets reduce the amount of nitrogenous wastes excreted by the kidneys. Nitrogenous wastes are associated with the clinical manifestations of ureaemia and azotemia. While there is no definitive cutoff point, reducing protein in the diet may be beneficial for dogs with CKD.
High quality protein will improve your dog’s health and longevity, but limiting protein will only be effective in dogs with advanced kidney disease. Additionally, reducing protein will not improve your dog’s quality of life, prolong their lifespan, or delay the progression of kidney disease. As a general rule, protein restriction should be limited to severely ill dogs. For this reason, veterinarians should specify whether protein reduction is required or not.
If your dog suffers from kidney disease, you may need to increase the amount of water they get in their diet. Your kidneys need water to function properly. The protein in their diet should be of the highest quality, with the appropriate amount of fat and carbohydrates. They also need to get plenty of potassium, magnesium and B vitamins. Your vet can help you determine the appropriate amount of these nutrients in your dog’s diet.
While dogs with kidney disease usually drink little water, some may consume too much water. Your dog will likely drink more water than usual, especially if he is experiencing polyuria or polydipsia. This excessive drinking is also known as polyuria and occurs most often when your dog is prone to nighttime accidents. This increase in urine volume is a result of increased waste and fluid in the blood, so your dog may have frequent accidents, including at home. Water is essential for dogs with kidney disease.
While it can be difficult to completely avoid high phosphorus levels in your dog’s diet, reducing their dietary intake can help manage kidney disease symptoms. It can also reduce the workload on your dog’s kidneys. Low phosphorus dog food is widely available and not just for those with kidney disease. They can benefit dogs of all breeds, including healthy ones. But if you want to make dietary changes easier for your dog, you need to be aware of what ingredients to avoid.
Foods with the highest phosphorus include bones, dairy products, fish, organ meats and egg yolks. Low phosphorus grains are good for dogs with kidney disease. Grain-based foods are usually low in phosphorus, but they must be cooked. Some grains, such as white rice, contain moderate levels of phosphorus, so be sure to check your dog’s food label before purchasing a new food.
Omega-3 fatty acids
Using omega-3 fatty acids as a supplement for your dog can benefit your pet. While recommended doses are high, the maximum daily amount of omega-3 fatty acids for many dogs is very low. You should discuss the benefits of these supplements with your veterinarian before starting. Your vet will also determine the correct dosage for your dog. Omega 3 fatty acids are found in many food supplements. Just make sure you choose a high quality brand with good quality control.
While it’s true that omega-3 fatty acids help dogs with most heart problems, it’s important to remember that supplements and fish are different things. Therefore, the food content should be taken into account.
If your dog has kidney disease, it may be helpful to limit sodium in your dog’s diet. The trick is knowing what to avoid. Be very careful with treats, including spicy and cheese slices. These types of foods tend to be high in sodium. If your dog has kidney disease, avoid giving this type of food to your dog. If your dog can’t eat food, you can switch to a wet diet.
Sodium is found in many types of food, including dry food. If your dog is food resistant, consider reducing his food intake. If your dog is avoiding meals, you may be dealing with a fat intolerance. Other signs of a dog’s fat tolerance include reluctance to eat, abdominal pain and vomiting. Your veterinarian may want to investigate the cause of the problem and prescribe a medication accordingly.
How Should Dogs With Chronic Kidney Disease Be Fed?
An important consideration when determining how much protein your dog should consume is the quality of the proteins in their diet. High-quality proteins like eggs and meat can prevent kidney damage. While low-quality protein is harmful, there are exceptions. Low-quality protein, especially raw, can harm your dog’s kidney function.
One of the best ways to encourage your dog to eat is to add flavor. A little scent can go a long way in enticing your dog to eat. Heating wet food causes a tempting odour. For dry food, you can sprinkle favorite foods in between.
While a high protein diet is not always necessary, a diet containing 14-21% protein is ideal for dogs with kidney disease. The high protein content of dry food should be halved before a dog with damaged kidneys can start eating it. If your dog has a low appetite, try replacing brands with low protein ones. A veterinarian may also suggest adding an appetite stimulant. If the food does not meet these criteria, you may need to add extra water. You can also add supplements such as fish oil to his diet.