Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: Size, Characteristics & Personality


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a medium-sized, bony toy spaniel with an elegant stance. They take place in our lives as playful, funny, intelligent and affectionate lap dogs. Cavalier King Charles, with his small body structure, maintains the hardworking nature of the spaniel problem. His gait and movements reveal his free spirit and grace. It has silky, slightly wavy and medium length hair. The long hair on the feet is one of the distinguishing features of this breed. This breed is also known as Cav, Cavies for short. He wins people’s attention and love with his gentle, sweet, noble, loving and exciting ways.

Personality & Character Traits

Cavies are a breed that is increasing in popularity day by day, primarily with its noble and impressive external beauty and character traits. He combined the gentle and careful side of the toy breed with the vitality and athleticism of the Spaniel breed. It is a dog that fascinates people with its beautiful face, round eyes, sweet gaze, gentle and loving nature.

Cavies enjoy spending time with their owner and loved ones. They are very happy with the little attention and look of their owner. Their happiness is also evident from their excitedly wagging tails. They can make moves to get on your lap at every opportunity. They enjoy contact with loved ones and people in general. When you make eye contact, they greet you immediately. They are never shy or reserved. If Cavies realize that you love them even from afar, they can come to you with a single command and come to your lap.

This breed loves to be petted and petted. That’s why being alone for a long time and not getting attention makes them very sad and leads to behavioral disorders. They are attached to their family and loved ones, playing games with them is what they enjoy the most. He is friendly, loyal and will always be by your side.

In general, they also get along very well with children, strangers, dogs and other pets. It is a very adaptable dog. He is also friendly towards strangers. They do not exhibit distant, shy and shy behaviors towards strangers. They love children very much, get along well and become playmates. It has a high tolerance for children and is a breed that families with children can easily prefer. In general, they get along well with pets and are also very tolerant of cats. However, we recommend that you bring Cavies together with children, pets and strangers under your supervision, just in case.

It is an easy breed to train. With his smart side, you can complete your training in a short time when his interest is kept alive and effort is made. It is very important that he is not brought up to be spoiled and that he receives obedience training. Continuity, consistency and patience in training is important for their development. Socializing outside will also positively affect their education process. They are an extroverted and social breed that likes to play with people and travel. As long as you have the right and good leadership, it will be a loyal and obedient dog that will not leave your side.

When you go out for walks and exercise, you should keep your dog on a leash, even though it is a compliant dog that listens. Chasing and chasing things with the advanced hunting dog makes them very happy. It is possible for him to leave your side in a blink of an eye. That’s why if you live in a house with a garden, you should take the security measures accordingly and take your rides on a leash when you go out.

It has a moderate barking tendency and is friendly towards strangers. He may or may not bark at strangers at your door, it all depends on his mood. Therefore, he will not be a very good guard dog. Of course, although rare, there are also Cav dogs who are adept at guarding. However, knowing that it is not always possible to be a perfect watchman, you should take your precautions accordingly. In addition, they easily adapt to apartment life with their low barking nature, moderate exercise needs and good relations with people.

With early training and socialization, the Cavalier King Charles Spanil can become a better-behaved companion. If you want a friend who loves hugs, does not want to get off your lap, gets along well with everyone and is loving, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will be one of the right choices for you.

Cavalier King History

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is derived from Spanish roots. Its origin is England. Toy dogs briefly served as lap and foot warmer dogs, with their bodies and warmth. In addition, they also collected fleas from the bodies of their owners and did so in hunting. Toy Spaniels have become popular in all segments, as they appeal to the family they live in both with love and with their different characteristics.

King II in the 1700s. Charles brought the toy Spaniels to the forefront as he loved and cared for them very much. Such love was to such an extent that he was accused of ignoring state matters while taking care of his dogs. There were criticisms that he was more interested in raising his dogs than governing Britain. He was dedicated to the black and tan toy spaniel variety. Dogs were so associated with King Charles that they became known in society as King Charles Spaniels.

His popularity waned after King Charles died. Pugs and other breeds with small faces and noses came to the fore in their place. The Duke of Marlborough took over the banner as an admirer and defender of the king Charles genre. The breed was bred with different dogs and inherited a different appearance from its ancestors. The Duke of Marlborough named his favorite red and white variety “Blenheim” among the Cavs. This name was given to dogs of this color in honor of Blenheim Palace. These dogs continued to be in the homes of the nobility and wealthy for generations.

This breed was probably crossed with Pugs and Japanese Chins during the Victorian era. This crossing has affected the formation of today’s dogs. It became the recognized dog in America known as the English Toy Spaniel. New breeds of dogs became shorter-nosed and domed-headed, and these breeds began to be preferred over the old ones. The new type of toy spaniel had a domed skull and a flatter face than Charles’ dogs. Before long, dogs of this breed began to forget the old breed and became dominant. The traditional toy spaniel of the Restoration era has almost disappeared over time.

In the 1920s, King Charles Spaniel dog aficionados wondered if the old-fashioned toy spaniel breed they had seen in portraits in magnificent halls of English mansions still existed. When Roswell Eldridge, a wealthy American, came to England, he announced that he would give a monetary reward to British breeders who could breed an “Old World type Bleinheim Spaniel”. In anticipation of prize money, breeders strove to revive the old style. They brought their old-style dogs together, and while doing this, they began to take an interest and give importance to the old-style dogs.


These dogs were later named “Cavalier King Charles Spaniels” in honor of the King Cavalier King. With a renewed interest in pointy-nosed old-fashioned dogs, the short-nosed breed fell behind in popularity. The word Cavalier was added to the King Charles Spaniel breed. In this way it was intended to distinguish it from the flat-faced King Charles Spaniel (dogs known as English Toy Spaniels in England).

The toy spaniel has accompanied royalty and nobility for centuries, and in 1996 the AKC recognized the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed.

Cavalier King Physical Qualities

Cavalier King Body

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a well-proportioned small dog with a medium-length body. Its legs and feet are generally short compared to its body and height. It is a cute lap dog with silky fur, elegant little body and confident stance.

Cavalier King Head

The flat skull is inclined to a slightly rounded dome shape. Its head size is neither too big nor too small, it is in proportion to its body. A standard white color transition is seen in the middle of the skull. Its long face has a prominent and slightly tapered muzzle. They can smell very well with their black nose. It has a strong jaw and sharp teeth with a scissor bite.

Cavalier King Ears

They have long, drooping and abundantly hairy ears. The ears are set high while the skull is flat. The soft, medium-length hair on the ear is long and wavy. However, it is not curly. Its ears have wavy, long hair, while its body is short and slightly straighter haired. They attract attention with their ears that are long enough to go from the top of their head to the bottom of their chin.

Cavalier King Eyes

The Cavalier has very large and inconspicuous round eyes. There is a black, dark brown frame around the eyes. This adds depth and extra beauty to her looks. His brown eyes are set apart by a white transition that runs down his forehead to his muzzle and chin. Their eyes are in the mask that is compatible with the color of the fur and their distance to each other is proportional. It is a standard feature of the whiteness that descends from the forehead to the nose on the face.

Cavalier King Legs and Paws

The legs and feet of the Cav breed are shorter than their height and body. Although its legs and feet are shorter than its body, it is quite strong, muscular and durable. Their gait and quick movements reveal their free and strong sides as well as their gentle and graceful nature.

Cavalier King Tail

You can see their tails sometimes docked 1/3 of the way and sometimes in their natural state. The usually seen and suitable one is the long feathered tail, which is not clamped and left to its natural state. Its silky, medium-length, slightly wavy hair is in harmony with its fur.

Cavalier King Feather

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has silky, glossy, medium-length hair that is slightly wavy. Their feathers should not be curly or curly. The feathers in the ear, chest, legs and tail area get longer as they grow, and their flamboyant feathers add a different air to this breed. The long hair on their feet is a distinctive feature of this breed. Although they are hairy, they shed moderately.

Cavalier King Color

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel usually has a coat of dark chestnut or black-brown-white colors on top of the pearly white color. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has fur with different combinations over four colors. Blenheim (chestnut, red and white), ruby ​​(rich mahogany red, crimson), tricolor fur (black and tan over white with spots on eyes, cheeks, inside ears and under tail) tan over black (like tricolors) It appears with color variations and combinations in the form of tan dots on black.


Cavalier King Care

To care for the Cavalier’s shiny and silky fur, you should comb and brush its fur 3-4 times a week. With regular hair care, you will protect their body health and you will see less shed hair at home. While grooming, you will both massage your dog’s body and make him happy by taking care of him.

In the spring and autumn seasons, a little more shedding can be seen than normal shedding. However, with regular brushing and paying attention to the foods you consume, you can get the spills under control. You can take your dog for shaving at the dog hairdresser when he/she experiences heavy shedding and you want to shorten his/her hair. In general, it is seen that they are shaved to emphasize the hairy appearance on their feet, but it is best to keep their hair in its natural state.

They like to go out and play games in the parks and gardens. However, in addition to this, it is suitable for him to sleep in his owner’s bed, on the sofa. So they may need to take a bath on a weekly basis. It is important that the bath products used are suitable for your dog, as they have dense hair. After the bath, it should be dried well and should not be damp.

Nail, ear, mouth and teeth care should also be done on a weekly basis. Their ears need to be checked for dirt and signs of infection. Nails should be looked at regularly and cut 1-2 times a month depending on their growth. For dental and oral health, you should brush your teeth 2-3 times a week.

By controlling your dog’s body with careful care, you can notice possible health problems early. Your dog will live a more comfortable and long life with weekly routine checks, applied care and a planned health plan.

Cavalier Nutrition

Cavalier should consume high quality dog ​​foods suitable for small breeds from brands such as Royal Canin, Proplan, Acana, Hills, N&D, Gimcat, Brit, Purina, Felix, Brit Care recommended by veterinarians and breeders. In addition, they can eat food prepared at home. However, it is not suitable for them to eat every home cooked meal. Therefore, you should research what dogs can and cannot eat, and you should contact your veterinarian and give your dog household food in his knowledge.

To meet the daily nutritional needs of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, you can divide 1/2 – 1 cup of high quality dry food suitable for small breeds into two meals. This size may vary depending on your dog’s weight, height and exercise level. Since they are prone to weight gain and some genetic diseases, they should always be fed with portion control and their food should be quality foods. If necessary, you can create a diet program with your veterinarian.

Cavalier Exercise

Although the Cavalier breed was bred to be a lap dog that likes to hang out at home, snuggle on the couches, it also has a sporty side. Therefore, moderate exercise, brisk walks and outdoor activities are also their favorite activities. Don’t let him lie on the couch all day, encourage him to travel. After a while, they will want to leave the house before you. The type with a short nose structure is likely to experience breathing problems in hot weather. Therefore, they should arrange well when they go out and should not do long exercises in hot weather.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed will meet its exercise needs with 30 minutes of activity and 1-1.5 kilometer walks during the day. They love to play, they are active by playing in the garden or at home, but these activities never mean that they should not go for a walk.

Every day he should take walks with his owner. It should be ensured that they are both physically and mentally active. You can find that they do well in different canine sports when well trained and exercised.

You should always wear a leash when going out because of their scent, hunting and chasing habits. If he sees a scent or creature that they want to follow, it is possible that he will follow them and not be able to respond to your command. For this, it is important that you, as the leader, always have the dominance. Because they are house dogs, it is difficult for them to adapt to street life, so you should pay extra attention to them when outside.

If you have a house with a garden, you can release it under your supervision in an environment where you take security measures with high fences. The small garden environment is also enough space for them to do their exercises. If you don’t take it out on a daily basis, play with it and let them throw their energy away, they may exhibit negative behaviors.

Cavalier Education

The Cavalier King Charles is a highly intelligent dog that is open to training, training and eager to please its owner. Their sweet, gentle and loving nature should be supported by the training they will receive during their infancy. First of all, when they are 8 weeks old, the training process should start and they should receive basic obedience training. The Cavalier can be spoiled and maverick when grown loosely without set rules. In order not to allow this, you should train him, not pamper him by loving and protective.

If you are a good leader and approach your dog with praise, patience, and positive reinforcement with treats, you will get better and quicker results from training. A Cavalier dog trained and socialized at an early stage will learn etiquette and communicate more easily with people and other animals. With their gentle and cute side, they approach all people with love. This friendly breed gets along very well with strangers and children.

Although they have gained a reputation as lap dogs, it is known that their ancestors were hunting dogs. Therefore, it is possible to train them as hunting dogs. They have very good eyesight and smelling abilities. They do not have a tendency to bite and bark, so these subjects do not force the owner in their training. However, he has an impatient side. They can be easily distracted and bored. That’s why you should keep their interest alive in the trainings and not use ordinary and boring training methods.

When well-trained and in good rhythm with their sabih, you can find Cavaliers excel in many canine sports, including obedience, rally and agility. With their sweet, friendly approach, they can also make great therapy dogs.

Cavalier Health

Cavaliers are generally a healthy breed. There are only a few health problems that he is prone to. It’s important to know what these problems are, their symptoms, and what to do if symptoms occur.

The most common genetic disorders; eye problems (including retinal problems, syringomyelia, cherry eye, cataract), patella luxation, back problems, hip dysplasia, middle ear infections, hearing problems, mitral valve heart disease and neurological health problems called syringomyelia can be seen. Cavaliers should have their breeding stock screened by responsible breeders for all these health issues. When adopting a dog, you should know the medical history and health conditions of your dog’s parents/ancestors. In this way, you can have an idea about the health of your own dog.

In addition to genetic problems, the importance not shown to their nutrition and exercise patterns negatively affects their health. That’s why you should exercise your dog. You should feed your dog with high quality, high nutritional value and suitable for small breeds. In their diet, you should do portion control to reduce the possibility of weight gain. With the exercise program you organize, you should take care to maintain the ratio between height and weight.

Knowing the general health problems of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed is important for them to live a longer and healthier life. You should consult your veterinarian for questions and problems you deem necessary during your weekly and monthly maintenance and controls. Health monitoring of your dog by the veterinarian is essential for them to lead a healthy life.

How Long Does a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Live?

charles spaniel

You may want to know how much time you can spend together when adopting a pet. Some dogs are long-lived, while others die quite early. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed is a medium-length dog with an average lifespan of 9-14 years. No matter how long a dog’s lifespan, they live longer when well cared for. For this reason, vaccinations, feeding times and exercise needs should not be interrupted.

There are factors that affect the answer to the question of how long the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel lives. A healthy and regular diet, meeting their exercise needs, getting their vaccinations done on time, and not interrupting veterinary controls will positively affect their life span. The most important factor is the attention and love they receive from their owners. As long as these factors are taken into consideration, your dog can easily exceed their estimated life span. It should not be forgotten that the life span of dogs that are poorly cared for and fed under bad conditions is much shorter.

Does the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Shed a Lot?

Dogs are very cute and furry friends. While some breeds have surprisingly long hair, there are some breeds that have no hair at all. Whether he sheds a lot or not is an important criterion for dog ownership. There are people who are allergic to dogs that shed a lot or don’t want their house to get dirty. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel sheds a lot. Hair needs to be taken care of often.

If you’re worried about the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel shedding a lot, you’ll be even more surprised by how much she sheds. This dog breed has silky coat which makes it look pretty perfect. However, in order to protect these feathers, they go through plenty of hair changes. This means a lot of hair loss. If the hair is taken care of on a regular basis, both the hairs do not disperse very much in the house and they do not cause matting by accumulating on the fur. Dull hairs need to be shaved, otherwise they can lead to various skin diseases.

Is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Aggressive?

cavalier king

Dogs can exhibit aggressive behavior if they are not sufficiently socialized from the puppyhood period. Some breeds, on the other hand, can be aggressive in the slightest event they experience, even if they are socialized due to their genetic characteristics. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are dogs that can be aggressive depending on their location. They show their aggression by biting. However, there are several reasons behind this.

Considering whether the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is aggressive, it is normal to be worried when you learn that these dogs, which look very cute and friendly from the outside, even bite their owners from time to time. This dog breed never shows aggressive and aggressive behavior under normal conditions. However, it is known that it bites its owner when it does not receive enough attention from its owner. It can bite anyone, including its own owners, when it is sick or injured and very afraid. This is why you should be careful when approaching a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel in these conditions.

Does Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Bark Too Much?

Some dog breeds are louder than others. They like to express themselves by barking or howling. When choosing dog names for such animals, preferences can be made that indicate that they are noisy. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a rare barking dog. They sometimes express themselves by barking, but are generally not boisterous.

You don’t have to wonder if the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel barks a lot. These dogs, which are quite docile, do not bark at all compared to most dog breeds. However, they do not hesitate to bark when they are bored, when they do not receive attention from their owners, when they are afraid or feel any threat. So if your dog is barking it could be a sign that something is wrong.

How Intelligent Is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?


Herding animals, guarding a place, keeping track of the hunt, taking part in police operations are jobs that require intelligence. Intelligent dogs can concentrate on assigned tasks and perform them well. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the intelligent dog breeds. They are easy to train and can understand commands.

After learning how smart the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is, people who are considering adopting stop asking this question when they see how smart they are. This breed of dog is very intelligent. They can carry out the given commands to the letter. Especially in canine sports, they are very successful in applying mixed sequential commands thanks to their agile intelligence. They also like to communicate with their owners using their intelligence.

Can the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Get Along With Children?

Families with children have more difficulty than others when making the decision to adopt a dog. They question whether the new member who will join their nest can get along with their children. Because sometimes the child and the dog may need to be left alone. In such a situation, no one wants their child to be harmed or their dog to be disturbed. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel gets along very well with children. Families with children can leave their children and dogs alone with their eyes closed.

You never have to worry about the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel getting along with children. Cavalier, who is extremely kind and gentle with children, will get along very well with them. Because they are so easy to train and socialize, Cavaliers who are adopted as puppies know how to treat children and make great playmates to keep them busy.

How Does the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Treat Strangers?

cavalier king

While some dogs are happy with guests, those who do not get along with strangers can be shy, restless and aggressive. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is very nice to strangers. He wants to meet everyone. He is happy when a stranger is interested. Being one of the friendliest dog breeds in the world gives them this feature. However, in some cases, it may be possible to encounter unexpected results.

Although the subject of how the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel treats strangers from time to time, especially those with a very social life, all the question marks in their minds are lifted when they learn how friendly and affectionate this dog breed is. The Cavalier gets along very well with a stranger. He is extremely pleased that strangers love and care for him. But when sick or injured, it can bite anyone, including its own family. Therefore, it is recommended to be careful when approaching him in these situations.

Can the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Get Along With Other Pets?

Although some breeds get along very well with people, they may not get along with other pets. Sometimes they want to be the only animal in the environment because of their jealous nature. Sometimes, they see other pets as weaker than themselves and want to dominate. The social skills of dogs also play an important role in getting along with other pets. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel gets along very well with other pets. He does not get bored playing games and spending time with them.

Anyone who has more than one pet in their home may ask, can the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel get along with other pets? This is perfectly normal. It is very important that animals living in the same house live in harmony. Cavalier dogs enjoy getting along with other pets. They especially feel a special bond with the pets they grew up with. Therefore, there is no need to hesitate about keeping this dog breed together with other pets.

The Difference Between King Charles Cavalier and Spaniel


The King Charles Cavalier and Spaniel differ quite a bit. Both dog breeds belong to the Spaniel dog breed living in England and there are no obvious differences between them. This is why the two breeds of dogs are often confused. Learning about the minor differences between them can help you tell the two breeds apart.

  • Spaniel sizes become larger than KCC.
  • Spaniels have a flatter head.
  • The heads of KCCs are domed.
  • The KCC’s tail is docked, while the Spaniel does not.
  • KCC’s ears are more erect than spaniels.
  • It is quite difficult to understand the differences between the two dog breeds. It would be much more accurate to consult experts about these differences, which can be distinguished by appearance. However, both dogs are extremely affectionate, friendly and adaptable. Whichever dog you choose, you will never be disappointed.

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