Bichon Frise: Size, Characteristics & Personality


The Bichon Frise, known as the “Bichon Primrose Dog”, is among the small dogs with its white color and fluffy soft fur. They love to win everyone’s love and attract attention with their curly hair, curious eyes and cute walk. It has a cheerful, energetic and agile nature. The Bichon Frise loves to play and learn new things. This breed, which is very easy to train, does not force a family to have a dog for the first time. It is an extremely cute breed that does not have aggressive behavior, excessive barking and gets along well with strangers and other animals. He easily manages to become the most popular member of his new environment.

Bichon Frise Personality & Character Traits

Bichon Frise enters people’s hearts at first sight and wins their love. It impresses the people in front of it with its active structure, high energy it gives out, and spoiled and playful ways. The very humane Bichon Frise breed gets along well with children and strangers. He is friendly and affectionate towards them. They are guard dogs, but they do not show an aggressive attitude towards strangers who pose a danger. They have a loving nature towards everyone, so don’t expect them to provide a high level of protection. It is seen that he has a positive approach to people who want to play with him. They love to be loved and taken care of.

However, it is also seen that he sometimes does not allow strangers to suddenly want to hug and love. They have sensitive, affectionate and sensitive natures. It is their habit to go to the lap of the owner while he is sitting and curl up there for hours. He welcomes his loved ones to hug him, he is a true love dog. They don’t like to be alone. They may bark a lot when left alone.

The Bichon Frise is an intelligent dog that is open to learning new things. With obedience and behavior training, you can help them acquire better habits. As we mentioned above, it is not recommended to be overprotective in training. He should experience some things himself under your supervision. He communicates well with dogs and other pets. It needs socialization from an early age. Taking walks with the owner, entering different environments, getting to know new people will be beneficial for the development of communication skills.

Bichon Frise Origin

The origin of the Bichon Frise dog breed is not known for sure, but its accepted historical background is its ancestors in the Mediterranean. According to what has been said; Barbet, a large and woolly water dog, was mated with small-sized and white colored dogs. As a result, the family of dogs known as the Barbichon and abbreviated as Bichon was derived. The Barbichon family of dogs, born in the Mediterranean and having similar appearances, is divided into four breeds as Maltese Bichon Frise, Bolognese, Havanese and Tenerife breeds.

The first records of the Bichon Frise breed date back to the 14th century. Developed on the Canary Island of Tenerife, the Bichon Frise breed was brought to Tenerife by Spanish sailors. In the 14th century, Italian sailors brought the Bichon Frise breed back to the continent from the Canary Island. In Italy, dogs quickly became the favorite of the noble and wealthy class. In the 1500s, the French occupied Italy and many Maltese Bichon Frise dogs were taken to France as war spoils. Another rumor is; It is believed that the French sailors brought the dogs that were bred on the Canary Island of Tenerife and brought them to France. It is said that the Maltese Bichon Frise breed dogs were brought to the Canary Island from traders using the Mediterranean trade routes, and it is thought that their main ancestors were bred in Italy.

The small dogs that went to France after the invasion of Italy in the 1500s were named Bolgnese there and were adopted by the French with great interest. They became a favorite of the nobility, and were favorite pets at royal courts during the reigns of the French King Francis I and the English King Henry III. Its popularity also spread to Spain. It became a favorite of the Spanish Royal family and took its place in the paintings of Spanish painters in the most beautiful way. Towards the end of the 1800s, its popularity waned for no apparent reason. In the early 1900s, III. Although it came to the fore again during the Napoleonic era, it did not receive a permanent interest as before, and this race fell out of favor.


Physical Qualities of Bichon Frise dog Bred


Body structures may differ in males and females. The height of the adult male is 23-30 cm, while the female is in the range of 23-28 cm. In terms of weight, it is ideal for both of them to be in the range of 5-8 kg.


Bricon Frise, which is among the small dog breeds; It draws attention with its shiny black soft nose and white fluffy feathers. Round head structures become more prominent compared to the shaving style. It has a medium length and non-pointed face. The protrusion of the forehead is vague. They have a perfect appearance with their round head structure, large dark eyes, ears that disappear among their dense fur, long necks and healthy teeth arranged like pearls.


The Bichon Frise breed has long, fluffy ears. It hangs down more and stands in proportion to its body. Its ears extend towards the back of its head and have a woolly structure. Its sensitivity to sounds is at a normal level, but it can give sudden reactions to loud sounds.


The Bichon Frise breed has proportionally positioned facial features on their round heads. His eyes are dark and combined with dark circles around his eyes. This image adds a different depth to their eye area. One of the most striking parts of his face is his dark and round eyes.

Legs and Paws

It has a well-developed strong chest and legs. It has a strong body with straight shoulders and legs that descend from the shoulders. Their legs are so well-ordered and neat that the shadow of their legs is reflected on the ground as a whole. Round paws and black nails and feet complete this beauty.


The tail of Bichon Frise dogs is proportional to their body. Their tails are gracefully curved over their backs. It has a curly and feathery structure on the tail, which is affected by the density of feathers in its body.


Bichon Frise has a silky, curly and dense double-layered coat. When you touch it, its fur, which is like a puff, approaches its body and when you remove your hand, it returns to its former voluminous state. This is also called hair bounce, and it happens because of the dense hairs in the top and bottom layers. You should care for the Bichon Frise breed with care and attention. The feather length is usually up to 10 cm.


The Bichon Frise breed has curly, curly, eye-catching pure white fur. They can have cream and pale yellow offspring, which, as they grow, reach their original color. However, after the 18th month, regional color changes can also be seen. You can see yellowish tones or cream colors as when they were puppies. The eyes, nose and lips are black in the face area. Bichon Frise has an integrative beauty with all the colors in its body.


Bichon Frise Care

The Bichon, which has an eye-catching beauty with its white and dense feathers, can provide this beauty with meticulous care. Therefore, if possible, it should be brushed and combed every day or every other day. It is said that the Bichon Frise breed does not shed. This information is partially correct. Instead of being shed, the shed feathers get caught in the underlayer of the Bichon’s body. Due to the double-layered feather structure, the collection of feathers falling from the upper layer in the lower layer can cause health problems if not cleaned. In addition, the hair collected on the bottom layer causes your dog to appear in a dull color. For this reason, loose and dead hair should be combed regularly.

They need bathing and cutting at least once a month. It is important to wash this breed, which is difficult to keep clean because of its white fur, when it gets dirty outside of the bathroom order. Due to its color and structure, fur care can be a little difficult. You need to set aside time for general maintenance and bathing. In addition to the combing you will do 3 times a week, you should also comb their hair before the bath and remove the lumps and dead hairs. Otherwise, it is possible that the clumped hairs become tightly intertwined and difficult to remove during the bath. Keeping the face clean and trimming the hair around the eyes is important for both the health and care of the Bichon Frise breed.

Bichon Frise needs more professional care than any other breed of dog. For this reason, it is taken to care by its owners for bathing, detailed brushing-combing, haircut, nail trimming and ear cleaning every month or every 6 weeks. Many Bichon owners are able to take care of themselves as their relationship with their dog progresses. In your weekly check-ups at home, attention should be paid to the ears, nose, mouth, eyes, nails and feet. In any difference, the veterinarian should be consulted and information should be obtained.

Bichon Frise Nutrition

For Bichon Frise, it will be enough to give food twice a day. The daily nutrition amount is 1/2 – 1.5 scoops of high quality dry food for one meal. You should make your choice of food by learning the allergen structure of your dog. In the case of home cooking, it would be better to give foods that dogs can digest and that are healthy in a controlled way.

Bichon Frise Exercise

The Bichon Frise breed is famous among playful dogs. They love to play in the house, in the garden, in the park. It is quite agile, energetic and active. Playing with him for 30 minutes or walking 1 to 1.5 km during the day will be a great exercise. It is known that he moves very fast and likes to run. Therefore, when playing games, you should pay attention to the fact that the places where you will remove the leash are fenced or that the necessary security measures are taken. Because they can quickly disappear in the blink of an eye.

Bichon Frise Education

The Bichon Frise is an easy dog ​​to train. Intelligent, obedient and eager to learn, they go fast. Starting training as a puppy allows it to develop faster. Interaction with other animals and unfamiliar people is important for early socialization development. He easily adapts to the trainings given to adapt to home life. They are easy to train in every way, as they are a loyal and obedient breed. He quickly learns and applies what he sees. He likes to learn new things, to cheat. As long as you avoid harsh interventions and punishment in training, it will go fast. They respond very quickly to the reward method. That way, they don’t get distracted and get bored quickly. The Bichon Frise dog, who does not like to be alone, may exhibit negative behaviors if left alone for long periods of time at home. Afterwards, you may need to give your dog long training and take extra time to correct these unwanted negative behaviors.

Bichon Frise Health

The Bichon Frise breed is generally healthy. However, knowing what the possible discomforts will be is important for early diagnosis of any disease. your dog; There may be health problems such as allergies, bladder infections, hip dysplasia, vaccine sensitivity, patella luxation, cataracts, and other eye diseases. Before adopting, you should get help from the responsible people, scan the dog’s breeding stock and look at the family history.

Oral and ear care is also important for Bichons. If regular dental care and tooth brushing is not done, he may experience discomfort from early tooth loss or gum infection. Ear cleaning should also be done regularly to prevent ear infections.

It is important to keep the face clean and to trim the hairs that will obstruct his vision for eye health. Mucus and tears may collect in the hair around the eyes. This area should be cleaned regularly. Otherwise, eye problems may occur. Since the Bichon Frise breed has a tendency to eye diseases, we recommend that you contact your veterinarian and take them for a checkup if tearing problems occur.

Bichon Frise Lifespan

A Bichon Frise with all health checks and careful care will have a lifespan of 12-15 years.

Is the Bichon Frize Hypoallergenic?

The Bichon Frize is a completely hypoallergenic breed of dog. Therefore, it can be adopted by anyone with peace of mind.

FAQ – Bichon Frise

What is the lifespan of a Bichon Frise?

The lifespan of a healthy Bichon Frise ranges from 12 to 15 years.

How big does the Bichon Frise grow, how many kilos should it be?

The adult Bichon Frise is between 24 and 29 cm in length. Ideal weight ranges should be between 5 and 8 kg.

Does the Bichon Frise shed a lot?

Since it has dense and double-layered hairs, it does not shed too much on the ground. However, like any dog, their hair falls out and needs combing and brushing care. You should scan at least 3 times a week, every day if possible. They may not shed much, but they do require a lot of care.

How many puppies does the Bichon Frise give birth to?

It can give birth to 3-5 cubs at each birth. Depending on the health and size of the female, it is possible that she will give birth to sometimes 6 and sometimes 1-3 cubs. Their gestation period lasts about 63 days.

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