American Shorthair Cat Breed: Everything You Need to Know


The American Shorthair is a cat breed that has survived since 1950 and was initially used as a hunting cat to protect grain yields and cargo from rats, and is now adopted as a domestic cat. American Shorthair cats have a long lifespan and are a type of cat that can be looked after in the home and family environment.

American Shorthair Personality & Character Traits

HEIGHT8–10 inches
WEIGHT10-15 pounds
LIFE SPAN15–20 years
GOOD WITHchildren, seniors, dogs, cats, families
TEMPERAMENTsociable affectionate bold
COLORSwhite black / ebony red / orange blue / gray cream / beige / tan chocolate / brown / sable
PATTERNSbi-color color point
OTHER TRAITSeasy to train easy to groom friendly toward other pets friendly toward strangers friendly toward humans tolerates being alone high potential for weight gain good lap cat tolerates being picked up

General Characteristics of the American Shorthair Cat

  • Its origins are based in England.
  • It is one of the most well-fed cat breeds in the United States.
  • They are medium sized cats. Their weight varies between 3 and 5.5 kilograms.
  • They are short haired and do not shed much.
  • Their plumage is usually patterned and has shades of gray and black. American shorthairs are also frequently seen in different colors and patterns.
  • Their hunting skills are developed.
  • Although they are intelligent cats, they are not very willing to be trained due to their independent nature.
  • They are less active than other cat breeds and therefore do not need much exercise.
  • They are compatible creatures. They get along well with other cat breeds and pets.
  • They are shy and timid animals. They are distant to people and creatures they do not know, but they are not aggressive.
  • They need to be alone at certain times during the day.
  • Although they like to be near their owners, they are not lap cats and avoid constant physical contact.
  • They are gluttonous cats. Weight control should be considered.
  • Apart from their susceptibility to obesity and heart disease, they are quite healthy cats.
  • With good care and proper nutrition, they can have a life expectancy of up to 20 years.

American Shorthairs are neither too skinny nor too stocky. We wouldn’t be wrong if we used a medium-sized expression for them. They have a docile temperament. They can get along very well with other pets. They are neither too sticky nor too distant towards their owners. They have a little maverick and a little aggression from their ancestors.

American Shorthair cats like to spend time in the lap of their owners. But don’t panic right away, luckily they are not the face or shoulder type cats. They are known for their harmonious temperament and docility, which they show to every environment and every living thing. They are social and thus easily trained. Moreover, they get along well with children.

They are independent because they follow in the footsteps of their ancestors who left England to be free. American Shorthairs, whose history goes back to working to protect continuous harvests from mice and rats, are a great companion in terms of healthy, strong and vitality with these features.

They form a strong bond with their favorite people. They exhibit all the characteristics expected of a pet with the bond they form with the people who adopt them soon. But one day they find something to entertain themselves. We said it’s not sticky to its owners.

They also don’t follow them from one room to another. But this does not mean that they are indifferent to their owners. When you come home from work, they come to your lap and help you get rid of all your stress.


British Shorthairs tend to stay active and playful into their old age. British Shorthairs, who have strong hunting techniques due to their hunting background, take great pleasure in catching catnip mice.

American Shorthairs, which were first used to catch mice, have become popular domestic cats today. Their sweet and affectionate disposition makes them extremely pleasant to stay with family members in the home environment. In the face of the attention they receive, they become good friends for many years with their docile personalities.

American shorthair cats are excellent companions

These beautiful cats are very affectionate and friendly. They are great companions for families with children, singles and the elderly alike, as they fit perfectly into the family they live with. They also get along very well with dogs.

The American shorthair character is literally compatible, they are happy to be loved and they have great love for their people. We told you that these cats still retain their hunting instincts, which brings with it playfulness.

For the American shorthair cat to satisfy its strong hunting instincts, it can be helpful to play it with toys such as a rod and fishing rod.

By the way, most American shorthairs also love bird watching, as these cats may have a strong craving for bird hunting and they MUST NEVER BE LEAVE ON OPEN WINDOW SIDES AND UNPROTECTED BALCONIES, as they can get seriously injured or even lose their lives by jumping to hunt a bird. In fact, this applies to all cats, anyone who lives with a cat should have windows and balconies sheltered to prevent cats from falling over.

As we always say, the characters of cats are unique, that is, what we have explained above is general information about the character of the American shorthair breed, and there is no such thing as the character of all American shorthair cats.

American Shorthair Origin

Immigrants who went to America from Europe on the ship called Mayflower took cats with them. When they arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1920, it wasn’t just the passengers and crew who left the ship, the cats left the ship as well, and so began the real journey of the American shorthair. In 1895, the American shorthair breed was exhibited for the first time at a cat show in America and, of course, aroused admiration. The Cat Fanciers Association recognized the American shorthair as a breed in 1906.

Physical Qualities of American Shorthair


American Shorthairs have a solid body structure. They are generally a medium sized cat. Their strong and muscular skeletal structure gave them well-developed shoulders, chest and hind legs. Their backs are broad and straight. They have a broad chest, a muscular neck and well-developed muzzle. Shorthairs, which carry the genes of their ancestors who were good hunters, have a developed jaw structure. Their legs are thick and strong. Their fur is thick and dense.

The American Shorthair is a very strong cat breed with a muscular body structure. It can move very fast in order to easily catch its prey. The American Shorthair, which is quite agile, has highly developed jumping, jumping and climbing abilities.

American Shorthair Weight

The American shorthair is a medium-sized cat breed with an average weight of 5-7.


Having a wide, round head, American Shorthairs appear with a sweet and open facial expression. The foreheads form a straight, moderate curve from the top of the head to the neck. They do not have protrusions behind their ears. Their noses are of medium length and width. A slight arcuate rise is seen from the bridge of the nose to their forehead.


American Shorthairs have medium-sized ears. Ears with slightly rounded tips are not very open at the base. We can say relatively small-medium sized ears. The distance between the two ears is slightly greater than the distance between their eyes. Hairiness is also seen in the ears.


They have relatively large and wide eyes. Their appearance is half almond shaped. It has at least one eye width between its eyes. The outer corners are slightly higher than the inner corners. The eye colors of American Shorthair cats, which have a bright and clear look, are usually blue, copper, green, gold and hazel.

Legs and Paws

They have medium length, thick and strong legs. Their dense muscular structure makes the legs bony and strong. Seen from behind, all four legs are straight and parallel. Their paws are forward facing. Paw soles are full and rounded. It has five toes in the front and four in the back.


They have medium length tails that are thick at the base and slightly tapering towards the ends. Feather density in the body fur is also seen in the tail. In addition, colors and patterns also show themselves in the queue.


American Shorthairs have a short, thick and dense hair structure. Their fur structure is thick enough to protect them from moisture, cold and superficial skin injuries. Their fur can be much longer and thicker during the winter months. They are relatively tough compared to other cats as their thick texture means protection for them.


American Shorthair cats can be seen in many colors and patterns. They are usually white, silver gray, cream, orange, gold, brown and tortoiseshell. Patterns are mostly solid color, tortoise shell, Tabby and smoke colors.

The American Shorthair, which can be seen in different colors and patterns, has 60 different colors. Usually silver is the most popular of all colors. The round ear structure and large eyes add a sweet appearance to the American Shorthair. In addition, it can reach a weight of 7 to 12 kilograms with its full cheeks and large head structure.

American Shorthair Lifespan

The American shorthair breed is generally healthy, and it can be said that these cats, whose average lifespan is between 15-20 years, are one of the healthiest among the breed cats. The breed is only predisposed to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, one of the most common heart diseases in cats.

American Shorthair Communication with Children and Pets

The American Shorthair is one of the most ideal cat breeds for families with children. This species, which is able to live in harmony with family members, also plays a very effective role in child development. Especially with small children, his playful and kind personality ensures that he always stays kind. It also has the feature of accompanying even night sleeps without harming children.

The American Shorthair, which can get along well with birds, especially dogs and cats, has a personality suitable for living together with other pets. If they share the same environment from a young age, they are dog friendly. The respectful and polite personality of the American Shorthair has a unique nature that is always closely interested in people.

American Shorthair Grooming

American Shorthair cats have a thick-boned and heavily muscled body structure. For this reason, their nutrition should be controlled especially carefully and they should be fed within a regular nutrition program. Heavy bone structures and muscles require them to maintain a balanced weight. They should do exercise-based activities to maintain this balance. When they want to play, they tend to play by themselves. He can spend time buying himself the toy he likes very much. Playing games is necessary to keep them at a balanced weight and to get enough daily exercise.

American Shorthairs, which are carnivorous like all other cats, can be fed with protein-rich wet and dry food. In foods that have an important role in the protection of their health, preference should always be for quality cat foods. Brands such as Royal Canin, N&D, and Pro Plan can be preferred in the market, and they can be fed on a regular daily schedule. Increasing the daily meals is not recommended. American Shorthairs who eat more than their daily meals can gain weight and become obese. For this reason, it should be ensured that food is given in sufficient portions. In addition to the food, the cat should also be given water, which must be consumed daily. Doing regular exercises after meals will also help to maintain an ideal weight.

American Shorthair Training

American Shorthairs are friendly. They can both spend time with other members of the house and play games by themselves when they are alone. They maintain their player identities from their young age to their old age. American Shorthairs, which can play very well with other pets, including children, are therefore very suitable for training through games.

With these features inherited from their hunter ancestors, they enjoy playing games involving hunting-like toys. Games with mouse, bird, insect and snake-like baits will be useful in training them. You can encourage the highly intelligent American Shorthairs to training with treats and easily teach hard-to-teach commands.

Toilet training can be given easier and faster to American Shorthairs that are adopted when they are still puppies. However, regular care such as dental care and tooth brushing and nail cutting can be done by getting them used to when they are still puppies.

American Shorthair Health

American Shorthairs are cats that, like all other cats, need to engage in activities that require moderate exercise to stay healthy. Fortunately, American Shorthairs are fun-loving cats that keep these features until their old age.

They have a thick, muscular body structure. Therefore, their diet should be carefully controlled. Due to their heavy bone and muscle structures, their nutrition should progress within a regular program. Owners should make sure that their little friends maintain the appropriate weight and do not lose their condition. A cat that eats too much food will fall out of condition and get heavier. This will keep him from exercising and invite obesity. After regular daily feeding, activity-related games are very important for cats to maintain their weight. American Shorhairs are slightly more fortunate than other cats. They are the kind of cats that can play by themselves. They find a toy and start playing with it. Owners need to play interactive games to keep them in good shape and to ensure they get adequate exercise.

Hair care is very important, especially during the season transitions when the hairs become thicker or thinner. Because the hair that is not groomed regularly starts to become floppy after a while and can cause shedding. However, skin health problems may occur. Cleaning the eyes against eye infections, regular inspection of the ears, nail clipping once a month, and dental care and tooth brushing against gingivitis once a week are also some of the issues to be considered.

Other than routine grooming, American Shorthairs are generally healthy, but a typical health issue that can affect the breed is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a common heart disease condition in cats. This disease, which is caused by the thickening of the heart muscle, can unfortunately result in death if not controlled. In order for them to live healthy during their average life, it should not be forgotten that their controls should not be interrupted and their vaccinations should be done.

Finally, due to their relatively large gene pool, American Shorthairs have very few genetic defects and no behavioral problems that could pose a genetic predisposition.

Details on the American Shorthair:
  • The American Shorthair is a very strong cat breed with medium-sized muscles and full bone structure.
  • Their skin is covered with very dense and thick hairs and has a hard structure. This is the reason why they don’t shed much.
  • Their eyes are in shades of green, blue, hazel and copper.
  • The American Shorthair, who likes to be alone, enjoys playing on his own, although he has a developed player identity. This shows that they do not expect much attention from their owners.
  • The American Shorthair, which attaches great importance to comfort, likes to rest in a corner of the house with its calm and docile nature.
  • The fact that it can live in harmony with people and animals makes the American Shorthair one of the most popular cat breeds.
  • The American Shorthair, which has instinctively developed hunting skills, is the most effective solution for eliminating mouse problems in your home.

Many different colors and patterns are seen in American shorthair cats.

American shorthair is a medium-sized cat breed, the word “shorthair” in the names of these cats, whose average weight varies between 5-7, means short-haired, so these cats are short-haired. Their dense coat is not very soft, and the breed has more than eighty coat colors and patterns. The most known and loved American shorthair color is the classic silver tabby. Apart from the tabby, combinations and various variations of white, blue, black, red, cream, smoke and brown colors can be counted as the colors seen in the breed. Their eyes can be of different colors such as copper, green, gold.

Is the American Shorthair Attached to Its Owner?

Cats love to bond with their owners. There are even cats that hate when their owners take care of other cats. Of course, this does not apply to all cat breeds. Some breeds may experience less attachment than general. Although the American Shorthair breed is not very attached to its owner, they like to have a certain level of bond between them. While being very fond of his owners from time to time, it can be seen that he suddenly displays a disinterested attitude.

What Are American Shorthair Cat Sleeping Patterns Like?

These cats love to spend time alone and sleep. They are not poor. They just enjoy silence. They want 8-10 hours of sleep a day. There is no problem in sleeping with children. But we still say be careful, in the end, just in case.

American Shorthair Kitten Price

Prices for kitten American Shorthair cats range from $500 to $1000.

Note: We are completely against buying animals for money. If you want a pet, get one from a shelter or close acquaintances.

Frequently Asked Questions About American Shorthair Cat

Can the American Shorthair Be Trained?

The American Shorthair breed, which can show itself among cat breeds with its intelligence, is known for its playful, hunter and sympathetic personality. Although he is very smart due to his fondness for his freedom, he is not a very obedient cat type when it comes to education. If you want a trained cat, you can start training as a kitten.

How much does an American Shorthair cat weigh?

They are cats with a large head and a broad chest. Their weight varies between 5-7 kg. Their life span varies between 15-20 years. It is known that there are more than 80 colors and patterns in Shorthair cats. The most well-known color is the silver tabby. Besides, it is cream, white, blue, black, brown and smoke color. Their eyes are copper, green and gold in color.

Is the American Shorthair cat easy to care for?

Shorthair care is easier than other cat breeds. They are resistant to cold weather, they do not get sick easily. The most common disease in this breed is heart disease. Since they are short-haired, they are easy to comb, they only need to be combed once a week. Their feathers grow longer in the winter and they shed a lot during the season transition towards summer. They enjoy playing with toys such as balls, laser lights and balloons. They love to sleep, they spend half the day sleeping. Their ears should be checked regularly and cleaned once a month.

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