9 Breeds of Water Dogs

water dog breeds

The curly hair that most water dogs have acts as an insulator. This is why most dogs are perfect for waterworks.

Water dogs are characterized by having a beautifully curly, woolly coat, so thick that some breeds have dreads due to the length of their hair. They have a cheerful, obedient and loyal temperament. In addition, their bodies are strong, flamboyant and muscular, which makes them excellent protectors for the family.

The name “water dogs” has been given to this lineage because of their distinctive abilities and preferences for water activities. Keep reading this space and find out which water-loving breeds are the best known.

Water Dogs

Many of these water dogs are known for their great temperament, loyalty and great looks. For this reason, they are generally very popular with dog lovers. Listed below are a few of these popular breeds.

Portuguese Water Dog

Portuguese Water Dog

This water dog breed is one of the rarest to see, as very few compete in dog shows. In appearance, its physique is quite similar to other dogs of its kind, although its body is slightly longer than it is tall. Additionally, while most have very curly fur, the Portuguese Water Dog can have wavy, rough fur.

Lagotto Romagnolo

Lagotto Romagnolo

This dog was originally from Romagna, a historic region of Italy that is now part of the Emilia-Romagna region. The Lagotto Romagnolo is a medium-sized dog with a black or brown coat that is tightly curled and quite dense. They have a great sense of smell, which is why this water dog breed is often used to look for truffles.

Cantabrian Water Dog

This water dog breed is little known outside of its region of origin. There are not many examples, and most are found in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, near the Cantabrian Sea. In general, these dogs are slightly smaller and lighter than other breeds of this breed, but their size cannot be ignored either. In addition, their coat always has an elegant white color.



Although you might not have imagined, poodles are also classified as one of the water dog breeds. In fact, thanks to their aquatic prowess, they were used at one point in history to collect hunting ducks in rivers and lakes. This breed is extremely popular due to its curly coat as well as the wide variety of colors and sizes available.

Irish Water Spaniel

Irish Water Spaniel

The Irish Water Spaniel is one of the largest breeds in this dog group. It is characterized by an upright and graceful body that stands out thanks to its dark brown color. It was used by hunters in the past to find prey in aquatic environments, so it is an energetic and active dog that needs to be stimulated with ample exercise.

Friesian Water Dog


Also known as the Wetterhoun, this breed of water dog originated in the Friesland region in what is now the Netherlands. Unlike other dogs of its kind, this breed has thick fur almost all over its body, with the exception of its legs, ears, and head. The colors of its fur range from black to brown with various white mottled patterns.

Moscow Water Dog

moscow water dog

The Moscow Water Dog breed was created with the aim of having a rescue dog resistant to the freezing waters of Russia. For this purpose, two breeds were combined, the Newfoundland and the Eastern European Shepherd Dog. However, crossbreeding of the two did not go as planned, as the dogs tend to be more aggressive and not suitable for rescue activities.

These days the Moscow water dog is believed to be extinct because there are no records of its existence. Despite this, it is possible that some specimens still remain or have been crossed with other dog breeds.

American Water Spaniel

American Water Spaniel

The American Water Spaniel has an active, sociable and intelligent personality which makes it a good protector for the family. It is medium in size and has a curly coat that can range from well defined waves or very curly. Its color is characterized by brown or chocolate shades.



It was used to create new breeds such as the Barbet, Poodle, Portuguese Water Dog, and Irish Water Dog. This means it comes from an ancient lineage that has been recorded since the 16th century. It has beautiful curly fur with uniform colors such as black, brown or gray. However, the hair grows more under the nape, causing it to appear bearded (hence the French name barbet).

As you can see, there is a wide variety of water dog breeds. While they all have distinctive curly coats and a very docile temperament, they each have little features that set them apart. If you choose one of them as your companion, you can be sure that you will never regret it.

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